Learn More
The MLL family of histone methyltransferases maintains active chromatin domains by methylating histone H3 on lysine 4 (H3K4). How MLL complexes recognize specific chromatin domains in a temporal and tissue-specific manner remains unclear. We show that the DNA-binding protein PAX2 promotes assembly of an H3K4 methyltransferase complex through the(More)
Notch signaling is known to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of intestinal stem and progenitor cells; however, direct cellular targets and specific functions of Notch signals had not been identified. We show here in mice that Notch directly targets the crypt base columnar (CBC) cell to maintain stem cell activity. Notch inhibition induced(More)
The reduction in podocyte density to levels below a threshold value drives glomerulosclerosis and progression to ESRD. However, technical demands prohibit high-throughput application of conventional morphometry for estimating podocyte density. We evaluated a method for estimating podocyte density using single paraffin-embedded formalin-fixed sections.(More)
Previous study from our laboratory has demonstrated that uremic plasma ultrafiltrate suppresses both the production rate (PR) and metabolic clearance rate (MCR) of calcitriol in normal rats. To characterize the the substances responsible for the suppression of the synthesis and degradation of calcitriol, we fractionated 20 ml uremic plasma ultrafiltrates(More)
Genome-wide association studies have proven to be highly effective at defining relationships between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and clinical phenotypes in complex diseases. Establishing a mechanistic link between a noncoding SNP and the clinical outcome is a significant hurdle in translating associations into biological insight. We demonstrate(More)
We studied the metabolism of calcitriol in renal failure achieved by nephrectomy in three groups of rats. Group 1 (n = 7) had sham operation of nephrectomy. Group 2 (n = 8) had unilateral nephrectomy. Group 3 (n = 7) had 5/6 nephrectomy. Metabolic clearance rate (MCR) and production rate (PR) of calcitriol were studied 3 wk after the surgery. Serum(More)
Previous studies from these laboratories have demonstrated that uremic biologic fluids contain substances that suppress 1,25(OH)2D metabolism. Among these substances, it was found that uric acid suppresses 1 alpha-hydroxylase activity and synthesis of 1,25(OH)2D in rats. In this study, the effect of uric acid on plasma concentrations of 1,25(OH)2D in(More)
The transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, including the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and TGF-beta/activin A subfamilies, is regulated by secreted proteins able to sequester or present ligands to receptors. KCP is a secreted, cysteine-rich (CR) protein with similarity to mouse Chordin and Xenopus laevis Kielin. KCP is an enhancer of BMP(More)
The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) profoundly affect embryonic development, differentiation and disease. BMP signaling is suppressed by cysteine-rich domain proteins, such as chordin, that sequester ligands from the BMP receptor. We describe a novel protein, KCP, with 18 cysteine-rich domains. Unlike chordin, KCP enhances BMP signaling in a paracrine(More)