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The MLL family of histone methyltransferases maintains active chromatin domains by methylating histone H3 on lysine 4 (H3K4). How MLL complexes recognize specific chromatin domains in a temporal and tissue-specific manner remains unclear. We show that the DNA-binding protein PAX2 promotes assembly of an H3K4 methyltransferase complex through the(More)
Notch signaling is known to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of intestinal stem and progenitor cells; however, direct cellular targets and specific functions of Notch signals had not been identified. We show here in mice that Notch directly targets the crypt base columnar (CBC) cell to maintain stem cell activity. Notch inhibition induced(More)
The repression of transcription, through the concerted actions of tissue specific DNA binding proteins, Polycomb repressor complexes, and DNA methylation, is essential for maintaining stem cell pluripotency and for cell fate specification in development. In this report, we show that recruitment of the co-repressor protein Grg4 to a Pax DNA-binding site(More)
Development of the fruit fly Drosophila depends in part on epigenetic regulation carried out by the concerted actions of the Polycomb and Trithorax group of proteins, many of which are associated with histone methyltransferase activity. Mouse PTIP is part of a histone H3K4 methyltransferase complex and contains six BRCT domains and a glutamine-rich region.(More)
Genome-wide association studies have proven to be highly effective at defining relationships between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and clinical phenotypes in complex diseases. Establishing a mechanistic link between a noncoding SNP and the clinical outcome is a significant hurdle in translating associations into biological insight. We demonstrate(More)
Previous studies from these laboratories have demonstrated that uremic biologic fluids contain substances that suppress 1,25(OH)2D metabolism. Among these substances, it was found that uric acid suppresses 1 alpha-hydroxylase activity and synthesis of 1,25(OH)2D in rats. In this study, the effect of uric acid on plasma concentrations of 1,25(OH)2D in(More)
The reference range for 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) remains uncertain, and it is not clear as to whether interpretation of circulating 25-OHD would be aided by simultaneous measurement of serum parathyroid hormone (PTH). We wanted to define the level of serum 25-OHD associated with a raised serum PTH and to examine the determinants of the relationship(More)
The reduction in podocyte density to levels below a threshold value drives glomerulosclerosis and progression to ESRD. However, technical demands prohibit high-throughput application of conventional morphometry for estimating podocyte density. We evaluated a method for estimating podocyte density using single paraffin-embedded formalin-fixed sections.(More)
Previous study from our laboratory has demonstrated that uremic plasma ultrafiltrate suppresses both the production rate (PR) and metabolic clearance rate (MCR) of calcitriol in normal rats. To characterize the the substances responsible for the suppression of the synthesis and degradation of calcitriol, we fractionated 20 ml uremic plasma ultrafiltrates(More)