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BACKGROUND Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disorder associated with multiple congenital anomalies, bone marrow failure, and pituitary hypofunction including hypogonadism, thyroid dysfunction, and growth hormone (GH) deficiency. PROCEDURE Among 44 patients with FA referred to Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) between 1975 and 2005, 33(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to develop a survey of general and diabetes-specific nutrition knowledge for youth with type 1 diabetes and their parents and to assess the survey's psychometric properties. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A multidisciplinary pediatric team developed the Nutrition Knowledge Survey (NKS) and administered it to youth with(More)
BACKGROUND Type 1 diabetes management has evolved from meal plans towards flexible eating with carbohydrate counting. With this shift, youth with type 1 diabetes may consume excess fat and insufficient fiber, which may impact glycemic control. Few studies consider whether insulin regimen influences associations between dietary intake and hemoglobin A1c. (More)
The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in children with type 1 diabetes and elevated BMI in the USA is poorly defined. We aimed to test the hypothesis that children with type 1 diabetes who are overweight or obese have increased frequencies of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and micro-/macroalbuminuria compared to their healthy weight peers. We studied(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association between parent carbohydrate counting knowledge and glycemic control in youth with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We assessed 67 youth ages 4-12 years with type 1 diabetes (duration >or=1 year). Parents estimated carbohydrate content of children's meals in diet recalls. Ratios of parent estimates to computer(More)
Dietary management of type 1 diabetes mellitus has become much less restrictive and more flexible in recent years due to contemporary insulin regimens, which may afford families of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus greater ease in sharing family meals. Although these treatment advancements might facilitate family meals, overall demands of diabetes(More)
Disordered eating behaviors may pose a risk for poor long-term health outcomes in patients with type 1 diabetes. This cross-sectional study examined associations of disordered eating behaviors with diet quality, diet-related attitudes, and diabetes management in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (N=151, 48% female). Participants, recruited July 2008 through(More)
BACKGROUND Diet is a cornerstone of type 1 diabetes treatment, and poor diet quality may affect glycemic control and other health outcomes. Yet diet quality in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes remains understudied. OBJECTIVE To evaluate multiple indicators of diet quality in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and their associations(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between dietary adherence and glycemic control among youth with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 119 youth aged 9-14 years (mean +/- SD 12.1 +/- 1.6 years) with diabetes duration > or =1 year (5.4 +/- 3.1 years). Dietary adherence was assessed using the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess perceptions of healthful eating and the influence of diabetes management on dietary behaviors among youth with type 1 diabetes and parents. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Youth with type 1 diabetes (n = 35), ages 8-21 years, and parents participated in focus groups. Focus group recordings were transcribed and coded into themes. Clinical(More)