Learn More
The possibility that bacteria may have evolved strategies to overcome host cell apoptosis was explored by using Rickettsia rickettsii, an obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. The vascular endothelial cell, the primary target cell during in vivo infection, exhibits no evidence of apoptosis(More)
Interaction of many infectious agents with eukaryotic host cells is known to cause activation of the ubiquitous transcription factor nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) (U. Siebenlist, G. Franzoso, and K. Brown, Annu. Rev. Cell Biol. 10:405-455, 1994). Recently, we reported a biphasic pattern of NF-kappaB activation in cultured human umbilical vein(More)
Pathogenic Rickettsia species are Gram-negative, obligate intracellular bacteria responsible for the spotted fever and typhus groups of diseases around the world. It is now well established that a majority of sequelae associated with human rickettsioses are the outcome of the pathogen's affinity for endothelium lining the blood vessels, the consequences of(More)
Fibrin deposition and exudation of plasma fibrinogen (Fg) have long been recognized as hallmarks of inflammation, cardiovascular disease and neoplasia. The Fg-beta(15-42) domain binds to the endothelial cell adhesion molecule, VE-cadherin, promoting endothelial cell proliferation, angiogenesis and leukocyte diapedesis. Furthermore, spontaneous blood-borne(More)
Ultrasound accelerates enzymatic fibrinolysis in vitro and in animal models and may be used as an adjunct to thrombolytic therapy. Ultrasound can also affect vascular tone directly, and we have now investigated the effect of ultrasound on tissue perfusion in a rabbit model of acute muscle ischemia to characterize the magnitude and temporal course of(More)
Human infections with arthropod-borne Rickettsia species remain a major global health issue, causing significant morbidity and mortality. Epidemic typhus due to Rickettsia prowazekii has an established reputation as the 'scourge of armies', and as a major determinant of significant 'historical turning points'. No suitable vaccines for human use are(More)
BACKGROUND Manipulation of host cell death is an important determinant of the outcome of an infection. Here, we investigate whether Rickettsia rickettsii-infected host endothelial cells resist the effects of staurosporine, a potent inducer of apoptosis, and we explore the mechanisms underlying the anti-apoptotic effect of infection. METHODS Human(More)
Infection of endothelial cells (EC) with Rickettsia rickettsii results in Rocky Mountain spotted fever, an acute illness characterized by systemic inflammation. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) are important chemokines for activating neutrophils and monocytes, respectively, and recruiting these circulating immune cells to(More)
Rickettsia rickettsii, a Gram-negative and obligate intracellular bacterium, preferentially infects the vascular endothelium during human infections leading to inflammation and dysfunction. The aim of this study was to determine whether R. rickettsii infection of endothelial cells (EC) activates p38 and/or c-jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) mitogen-activated(More)