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Dopamine supersensitivity occurs in schizophrenia and other psychoses, and after hippocampal lesions, antipsychotics, ethanol, amphetamine, phencyclidine, gene knockouts of Dbh (dopamine beta-hydroxylase), Drd4 receptors, Gprk6 (G protein-coupled receptor kinase 6), Comt (catechol-O-methyltransferase), or Th-/-, DbhTh/+ (tyrosine hydroxylase), and in rats(More)
Dysbindin-1 (dystrobrevin binding protein-1) has been reported as a candidate gene associated with schizophrenia. Dysbindin-1 mRNA and protein levels are significantly reduced in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of schizophrenia subjects. To understand the in-vivo functions of dysbindin-1, we studied schizophrenia relevant behaviors in adult male Sandy(More)
Lesions of the ventral hippocampus (VH) in neonatal rats result in post-pubertal alterations in a number of cognitive, social and motor behaviors that bear some analogy to schizophrenia. Increased sensitivity to stress and psychostimulants and prefrontal functional changes in the lesioned animals suggest an involvement of the mesocorticolimbic dopamine (DA)(More)
Data mining can be performed by number of ways. Classification is one of them. Classification is a data mining technique that assigns items to a predefined categories or classes or labels. The aim of classification is to predict the target class for the inputted data. On the other hand biology inspired algorithms such as Genetic Algorithms (GA) and Swarm(More)
Administration of the psychostimulant drug amphetamine (AMPH) to animals causes hyperactivity and deficit in prepulse inhibition (PPI) of startle, behaviors that are often observed in neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Enhanced central dopamine (DA) transmission is believed to mediate AMPH-induced behavioral alterations.(More)
The neonatal ventral hippocampus (nVH) lesion in rats captures many features of schizophrenia at the levels of behavior and neurobiological markers. We have previously reported enhanced expression of alpha-1 adrenergic receptors (AR) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of postpubertal nVH-lesioned rats and proposed that enhanced alpha-1 AR signaling might(More)
Previous work has indicated an association between seizures early in life and increased risk of psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. However, because early-life seizures are commonly treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) such as phenobarbital, the possibility that drug treatment may affect later-life psychiatric outcomes needs to be evaluated.(More)
Exposure to prenatal infections has been widely associated with the increased risk for neuropsychiatric disorders of developmental origin such as schizophrenia and autism. Although several behavioral and cognitive deficits have been detected during adulthood in rodent models of prenatal infections, early behavioral changes have not been well characterized.(More)
Delineation of key molecules that act epigenetically to transduce diverse stressors into established patterns of disease would facilitate the advent of preventive and disease-modifying therapeutics for a host of neurological disorders. Herein, we demonstrate that selective overexpression of the stress protein heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in astrocytes of novel(More)
Neonatal ventral hippocampal (nVH) lesions in rats, which model certain features of schizophrenia, alter dopamine (DA)-mediated behaviors in adulthood. The precise mechanisms underlying these effects remain elusive; however, neuronal reorganization within the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been suggested. Netrins are developmental cues that organize(More)