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Dopamine supersensitivity occurs in schizophrenia and other psychoses, and after hippocampal lesions, antipsychotics, ethanol, amphetamine, phencyclidine, gene knockouts of Dbh (dopamine beta-hydroxylase), Drd4 receptors, Gprk6 (G protein-coupled receptor kinase 6), Comt (catechol-O-methyltransferase), or Th-/-, DbhTh/+ (tyrosine hydroxylase), and in rats(More)
Dysbindin-1 (dystrobrevin binding protein-1) has been reported as a candidate gene associated with schizophrenia. Dysbindin-1 mRNA and protein levels are significantly reduced in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of schizophrenia subjects. To understand the in-vivo functions of dysbindin-1, we studied schizophrenia relevant behaviors in adult male Sandy(More)
Lesions of the ventral hippocampus (VH) in neonatal rats result in post-pubertal alterations in a number of cognitive, social and motor behaviors that bear some analogy to schizophrenia. Increased sensitivity to stress and psychostimulants and prefrontal functional changes in the lesioned animals suggest an involvement of the mesocorticolimbic dopamine (DA)(More)
The influence of human serum albumin (HA) on the biological effects of 13 chemotherapeutic agents was studied in vitro in the human leukaemia cell line MOLT-3. On the basis of changes in biological activity influenced by HA, these drugs may be divided into three types. Type I agents include cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II),(More)
Changes in the protein levels and activity of Ca2+/Calmodulin dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II) level were studied in cytosolic and particulate fractions from cerebral hemisphere, cerebellum, brain stem, thalamus and hypothalamus regions of rat brain after 4 and 12 weeks of induction of diabetes. Streptozotocin induced diabetes, resulted in(More)
Diabetic neuropathy is the most common secondary complication of diabetes mellitus. Several pathogenetic factors have been proposed for diabetic neuropathy. The present investigation was undertaken to study different components of signal transduction from discrete brain regions from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Rats were sacrificed after 1 and 3(More)
Administration of the psychostimulant drug amphetamine (AMPH) to animals causes hyperactivity and deficit in prepulse inhibition (PPI) of startle, behaviors that are often observed in neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Enhanced central dopamine (DA) transmission is believed to mediate AMPH-induced behavioral alterations.(More)
The neonatal ventral hippocampus (nVH) lesion in rats captures many features of schizophrenia at the levels of behavior and neurobiological markers. We have previously reported enhanced expression of alpha-1 adrenergic receptors (AR) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of postpubertal nVH-lesioned rats and proposed that enhanced alpha-1 AR signaling might(More)
Previous work has indicated an association between seizures early in life and increased risk of psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. However, because early-life seizures are commonly treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) such as phenobarbital, the possibility that drug treatment may affect later-life psychiatric outcomes needs to be evaluated.(More)
Three simple sensitive, rapid, accurate and economical methods were developed for simultaneous estimation of Ciprofloxacin & Ornidazole in bulk and its pharmaceutical formulations. First method was based on the simultaneous equation, second method was based on Q-Analysis (Absorbance ratio method) and third method was based on multicomponent mode. The(More)