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Disclaimer: This publication should not be reported as representing the views or policies of the International Monetary Fund. The views expressed in this work are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF, its Executive Board, or its management. East London, South Africa: Children play on a swing at a community daycare center(More)
Megaflood events involving sudden discharges of exceptionally large volumes of water are rare, but can significantly affect landscape evolution, continental-scale drainage patterns and climate change. It has been proposed that a significant flood event eroded a network of large ancient valleys on the floor of the English Channel-the narrow seaway between(More)
This paper reexamines the relationship between aid and domestic tax revenues using a more recent and comprehensive dataset covering 118 countries for the period 1980–2009. Overall, our results support earlier findings of a negative association between net Official Development Assistance (ODA) and domestic tax revenues, but this relationship appears to have(More)
The Windjana drill sample, a sandstone of the Dillinger member (Kimberley formation, Gale Crater, Mars), was analyzed by CheMin X-ray diffraction (XRD) in the MSL Curiosity rover. From Rietveld refinements of its XRD pattern, Windjana contains the following: sanidine (21% weight, ~Or 95); augite (20%); magnetite (12%); pigeonite; olivine; plagioclase;(More)
Yellow Mosaic disease (YMD) is one of the most destructive diseases of blackgram (Vigna mungo) causing heavy yield losses every year. Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus (MYMIV) is one of the YMD causing begomoviruses prevalent in the major blackgram growing area (northern and central part) of India. Inheritance of MYMIV resistance gene was studied in(More)
F INaNCIal flows to sub-Saharan africa have increased sharply since 1980. Between 1980 and 2006, net aid (including debt relief) increased fivefold, remittances ninefold, and foreign direct investment fiftyfold. Increased resource flows into the region and the associated high growth rates have enabled these countries to scale up public spending, including(More)
[1] We examine the progressive development of footwall topography associated with a set of active normal faults in the northeastern Basin and Range Province of the western United States. Fault length and displacement increase monotonically from northeast to southwest in the study area, allowing us to track both variations in footwall morphology with(More)
Wireless sensor network (WSN) technology has promised fine grain monitoring in time and space as well as at a lower cost than is currently possible. These sensor networks are required to provide a robust service in hostile environments. Therefore the issue of real-time and reliable data delivery is extremely important for taking effective decisions in WSN.(More)
Data mining can be performed by number of ways. Classification is one of them. Classification is a data mining technique that assigns items to a predefined categories or classes or labels. The aim of classification is to predict the target class for the inputted data. On the other hand biology inspired algorithms such as Genetic Algorithms (GA) and Swarm(More)
Prompted by the 20th anniversary of the 1993 World Development Report, a Lancet Commission revisited the case for investment in health and developed a new investment framework to achieve dramatic health gains by 2035. The Commission's report has four key messages, each accompanied by opportunities for action by national governments of low-income and(More)