Sanjeev Choudhary

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OBJECTIVE Klotho is an antiaging hormone present in the kidney that extends the lifespan, regulates kidney function, and modulates cellular responses to oxidative stress. We investigated whether Klotho levels and signaling modulate inflammation in diabetic kidneys. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Renal Klotho expression was determined by quantitative(More)
NF-kappaB plays a central role in cytokine-inducible inflammatory gene expression. Previously we empirically determined the identity of 92 members of the genetic network under direct NF-kappaB/RelA control that show marked heterogeneity in magnitude of transcriptional induction and kinetics of peak activation. To investigate this network further, we have(More)
Evidence of diabetes-induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation has been provided with DNA binding assays or nuclear localization with immunohistochemistry, but few studies have explored mechanisms involved. We examined effects of diabetes on proteins comprising NF-kappaB canonical and noncanonical activation pathways in the renal cortex of(More)
BACKGROUND Both endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, a fundamental cell response associated with stress-initiated unfolded protein response (UPR), and loss of Klotho, an anti-aging hormone linked to NF-κB-induced inflammation, occur in chronic metabolic diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. We investigated if the loss of Klotho is causally linked to(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a paramyxovirus that produces airway inflammation, in part by inducing interleukin-8 (IL-8) expression, a CXC-type chemokine, via the NF-kappaB/RelA and STAT/IRF signaling pathways. In RSV-infected A549 cells, IL-8 transcription attenuates after 24 h in spite of ongoing viral replication and persistence of nuclear RelA,(More)
A pathological hallmark of asthma is chronic injury and repair, producing dysfunction of the epithelial barrier function. In this setting, increased oxidative stress, growth factor- and cytokine stimulation, together with extracellular matrix contact produces transcriptional reprogramming of the epithelial cell. This process results in(More)
The present investigation was carried out to assess the protective efficacy of nimodipine against dichlorvos-induced organophosphate induced delayed neurotoxicity (OPIDN). Single subcutaneous dose of dichlorvos (200 mg/kg body weight) led to a consistent increase in the activity of both microtubule associated protein kinases viz. Ca2+/Calmodulin-dependent(More)
We describe profile of 60 children [mean (SD) age, 9.5 (3.8) y] presenting to the department of Pediatrics with snake envenomation. Neurotoxic bites were predominant (53%) and required mean (SD) 21.5 (9.29) antisnake venom vials, while children with neurohemotoxic features required mean (SD) 31.2 (10.8) vials to improve. Duration of hospital stay was median(More)
PURPOSE 4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE), a metastable lipid peroxidation product, is highly toxic to various cell types if not detoxified. Because of its constant exposure to light, the ocular lens continuously generates reactive oxygen species which, under conditions of oxidative stress, may lead to excessive lipid peroxidation and consequent formation of(More)
The impact of increased NF-κB-inducing kinase (NIK), a key component of the NF-κB activation pathways, on diabetes-induced renal inflammation remains unknown. We overexpressed NIK wild type (NIKwt) or kinase-dead dominant negative mutants (NIKdn) in HK-2 cells and demonstrated that RelB and p52, but not RelA, abundance and DNA binding increased in nuclei of(More)