Sanjeev Chawla

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The objective of this study is to investigate the use of pattern classification methods for distinguishing different types of brain tumors, such as primary gliomas from metastases, and also for grading of gliomas. The availability of an automated computer analysis tool that is more objective than human readers can potentially lead to more reliable and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Glioblastomas, brain metastases, and PCLs may have similar enhancement patterns on MR imaging, making the differential diagnosis difficult or even impossible. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a combination of DTI and DSC can assist in the differentiation of glioblastomas, solitary brain metastases, and PCLs. (More)
MR-visible lipids or mobile lipids are defined as lipids that are observable using proton MRS in cells and tissues. These MR-visible lipids are composed of triglycerides and cholesterol esters that accumulate in neutral lipid droplets, where their MR visibility is conferred as a result of the increased molecular motion available in this unique physical(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to predict response to chemoradiation therapy in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) by combined use of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and high-spatial-resolution, high-temporal-resolution dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) parameters from primary tumors and metastatic nodes. SUBJECTS(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics including tensor shape measures such as linear and planar anisotropy coefficients (CL and CP) can help differentiate glioblastomas from solitary brain metastases. Sixty-three patients with histopathologic diagnosis of glioblastomas (22 men, 16 women, mean age 58.4(More)
PURPOSE To compare the metabolite patterns observed at in vivo proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy of brain abscesses in patients for whom bacteriologic information was obtained from cultures and to categorize the MR spectral patterns with respect to the underlying etiologic agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS MR imaging and in vivo single-voxel proton(More)
72 members of a pig farming community and 50 slaughtered pigs in Uttar Pradesh, India, were examined between November 2000 and June 2001 for Taenia solium infection. 27 of the human subjects (38%) had intestinal taeniasis and 7 (9.7%) had reported seizures. All 3 of the latter who were examined had neurocysticercosis. 13 of the pigs (26%) had cysticercosis.(More)
OBJECTIVE To differentiate glioblastomas, primary cerebral lymphomas (PCLs), and brain metastases using multivoxel proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopic imaging. METHODS A total of 56 patients with brain neoplasms underwent MR imaging and proton MR spectroscopic imaging. The data were analyzed from contrast-enhancing and peritumoral regions (PTR).(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients with HNSCC have a poor prognosis and development of imaging biomarkers that predict long-term outcome might aid in planning optimal treatment strategies. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to predict disease-free survival in patients with HNSCC by using pretreatment K(trans) measured from dynamic(More)
A significant number of nonenhancing (NE) gliomas are reported to be malignant. The purpose of this study was to compare the value of advanced MR imaging techniques, including T2*-dynamic susceptibility contrast PWI (DSC-PWI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)HMRS) in the evaluation of NE gliomas. Twenty patients with NE gliomas underwent MRI(More)