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Neutrophil migration requires continuous reorganization of the cytoskeleton and cellular adhesion apparatus. Chemoattractants initiate intracellular signals that direct this reorganization. The signaling pathways that link chemoattractant receptors to the cytoskeleton and cellular adhesion apparatus are now being defined. Formyl-peptide chemoattractants(More)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) reacts upon exposure to endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) by way of the enzyme's single free sulfhydryl (Cys-83) to form a stable S-nitrosothiol protein adduct. S-nitrosylation endows t-PA with potent vasodilatory and antiplatelet properties that are accompanied by elevations in intracellular cyclic GMP(More)
OBJECTIVES The major aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging can provide robust prognostic value in women presenting with suspected ischemia, to the same extent as in men. BACKGROUND Compelling evidence indicates that women with coronary artery disease (CAD) experience worse outcomes than men owing(More)
S-nitrosothiols may serve as carriers in the mechanism of action of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) by stabilizing the labile nitric oxide (NO) radical from inactivation by reactive species in the physiological milieu and by delivering NO to the heme activator site of guanylyl cyclase. Low-molecular-weight thiols, such as cysteine and(More)
Hypotension in septic shock is a reflection of unregulated nitric oxide (NO) production and vascular smooth muscle guanylyl cyclase activation. We examined the effect of methylene blue on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced shock in anesthetized rabbits. Shock was induced with 150 micrograms/kg LPS after measurement of mean arterial pressure, platelet cGMP,(More)
Survival in cancer has improved, shifting some of the focus of care to minimizing the long term complications of cancer therapy. Cardiovascular disease is a leading long-term cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who survive cancer. In the review we will focus on imaging techniques that are used to detect the cardiovascular consequences of(More)
OBJECTIVE In addition to an extensively characterized role of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in reverse cholesterol transport, bioactive lipids bound to HDL can also exert diverse vascular effects. Despite this, integration of HDL action in the vasculature with pathways that metabolize HDL and release bioactive lipids has been much less explored. The(More)
Heparin, a polyanionic glycosaminoglycan, is used routinely before the induction of cardiopulmonary bypass. Earlier observations in our laboratory suggested that the postoperative bleeding that occurs, despite neutralization of heparin with protamine, is secondary to hypothermia and dilutional anemia during bypass. An additional, potential mechanism for(More)
Cysteinyl leukotrienes (cys-LTs) are potent inflammatory lipid mediators, of which leukotriene (LT) E(4) is the most stable and abundant in vivo. Although only a weak agonist of established G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) for cys-LTs, LTE(4) potentiates airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) by a cyclooxygenase (COX)-dependent mechanism and induces bronchial(More)
With the need for healthcare cost-containment, increased scrutiny will be placed on new medical therapeutic or diagnostic technologies. Several challenges exist for a new diagnostic test to demonstrate cost-effectiveness. New diagnostic tests differ from therapeutic procedures due to the fact that diagnostic tests do not generally directly affect long-term(More)