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Nonretinal sources of tectal afferents, the laminar and regional organization of the inputs, and the relation of the tectum with primary and secondary visual and motor centers in goldfish were studied following HRP injections in the optic tectum, orbit of the eye, cerebellum, pretectal area, and dorsolateral mesencephalic tegmentum. Ipsilateral tectal(More)
Efferents revealed by degeneration staining following tectal lesions in goldfish are presented. Four major projections were found. Ascending ipsilateral projections to pretectal-diencephalic areas exit the tectum rostrally and laterally and terminate in the area pretectalis (AP), lateral geniculate (LGN), nucleus pretectalis (NP), and nucleus rotundus (NR).(More)
The sources of descending spinal tracts in the goldfish, Carassius auratus, were visualized by retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) administered to the hemisected spinal cord. In the diencephalon, HRP-positive neurons were identified in the nucleus preopticus magnocellularis pars magnocellularis and ventromedial nucleus of the thalamus of(More)
Retinal ganglion cells in the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) were retrogradely labelled, and those with the largest somata and thickest primary dendrites were categorized by their levels of dendritic stratification. Three types were found, each forming a mosaic making up approximately 1% of the ganglion cell population. Using a system based on(More)
Several neurons from different nuclei give rise to descending spinal tracts and project to various levels in the spinal cord of goldfish, Carassius auratus. These were visualized by retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) administered to the bilaterally transected spinal cord at 6 levels, corresponding to 1st, 5th, 10th, 15th, 20th and 25th(More)
Retinal ganglion cells are the projection neurons that link the retina to the brain. Peptide immunoreactive cells in the ganglion cell layer (GCL) of the mammalian retina have been noted but their identity has not been determined. We now report that, in the rabbit, 25-35% of all retinal ganglion cells contain substance P-like (SP) immunoreactivity. They(More)
We have recently described a rat model of hypertensive eye in which cauterizing limbal derived episcleral veins leads to increase in the intraocular pressure [S.R. Shareef, E. Garcia-Valenzuela, A. Salierno, J. Walsh, S.C. Sharma, Chronic ocular hypertension following episcleral venous occlusion in rats, Exp. Eye Res. 61 (1995) 379-382.]. We have further(More)
Retinal ganglion cells die by apoptosis following axotomy. The molecular mechanisms of the retinal ganglion cell death are not well understood. In the present study using RT-PCR and in situ hybridization techniques we demonstrated that levels of mRNA for Bcl-2 and Bcl-x decreased after axotomy. Bax levels remained high until 4 days after axotomy, decreased(More)
We investigated the effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on retinal ganglion cell (RGC) survival after intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation at various time intervals. In adult Wistar rats, RGCs were labeled with 5% Fluorogold. Animals with 1.8-2.5-fold increase in IOP after cauterization of three episcleral vessels, were divided into three(More)