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Paraganglioma (PGL) is a rare disorder characterized by tumors of the head and neck region. Between 10% and 50% of cases of PGL are familial, and the disease is autosomal dominant and subject to age-dependent penetrance and imprinting. The paraganglioma gene (PGL1) has been mapped to 11q22.3-q23, and recently germline mutations in the SDHD gene have been(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) has demonstrated significant relief in patients presenting with refractory angina. However, the mechanism by which TMR improves clinical symptoms is unclear. This study analyzes the early immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features of the human myocardium following TMR. (More)
Dendritic cells are specialised leucocytes responsible for capturing and presenting antigens to T lymphocytes, which in turn mediate immune responses in various pathological conditions. The observations in this study demonstrate that dendritic cells are present in stenotic aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts, which suggest that these cells may be(More)
The present study was undertaken to examine the cellular composition of the aortic wall in Takayasu's arteritis and to investigate the association of different cell types in the immuno-inflammatory reactions of this disease. Specimens of aortic wall affected by Takayasu's arteritis were obtained from 10 patients (five male, five female), aged 32 to 68 years(More)
OBJECTIVE The present work aimed to investigate how the Ca(2+)-dependent cell adhesion molecule vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin might be involved in atherogenesis. METHODS Specimens of human carotid artery and aorta were obtained at operation. An immunohistochemical approach using cell-type specific antibodies examined how VE-cadherin expression in(More)
Aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts fail because of structural pathologies (thrombosis, intimal hyperplasia and atherosclerosis) within the 'arterialized' vein leading to graft stenosis. This study examined structural characteristics of atherosclerotic alterations in long-term aortocoronary artery saphenous vein bypass grafts with particular(More)
We earlier speculated that antigen-presenting dendritic cells may be involved in the immune reactions leading to saphenous vein bypass graft failure. The purpose of this study was to confirm whether dendritic cells are present in stenotic human saphenous vein bypass grafts. Segments of stenotic saphenous vein grafts were explanted from 14 patients at re-do(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the cellular composition of the arterial wall in Takayasu's disease and to investigate the contribution of the various cell types to the immunoinflammatory processes and degenerative alterations of the vessel wall in this disease. Specimens of aorta were obtained at operation from 10 patients with Takayasu's arteritis.(More)
This study aimed to investigate the features of cell death occurring in aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts. Human aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts with angiographic luminal stenosis of > 75% were explanted from 14 patients at redo coronary artery bypass grafting. Proteins associated with apoptotic pathways were identified(More)
Following implantation different cell types interact with synthetic vascular prostheses resulting in a complex immuno-inflammatory response. Dendritic cells are responsible for activating the primary T-lymphocyte immune response in various pathological conditions by their role as antigen-presenters. This study aimed at examining whether dendritic cells(More)