Sanjay Kumar

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OBJECTIVES This study was designed to test a rapid protocol of intravenous acetylcysteine for prevention of radiocontrast-induced nephropathy (RCIN). BACKGROUND Oral acetylcysteine (NAC) may provide better prophylaxis against RCIN than intravenous (i.v.) hydration alone. Current protocols preclude prophylaxis of same-day or emergency patients owing to the(More)
Despite frequent use of immunosuppressive drugs in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and reports of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection following post-transplant immunosuppression, data on the frequency and clinical significance of CMV in patients with IBD are scant. Sixty-three patients with IBD (61 ulcerative colitis and two Crohn's disease) were(More)
Neurofilaments and microtubules are important components of the neuronal cytoskeleton. In axons or dendrites, these filaments are aligned in parallel arrays, and separated from one another by nonrandom distances. This distinctive organization has been attributed to cross bridges formed by NF side arms or microtubule-associated proteins. We recently proposed(More)
Peptidoglycan (PGN) recognition proteins (PGRPs) are pattern-recognition receptors of the innate immune system that bind and, in some cases, hydrolyze bacterial PGNs. We determined the crystal structure, at 2.30-A resolution, of the C-terminal PGN-binding domain of human PGRP-Ialpha in complex with a muramyl tripeptide representing the core of lysine-type(More)
AIMS Stenting attenuates restenosis, but accelerated coronary artery disease (CAD) adjacent to the stent (peri-stent CAD) remains a concern in metabolic syndrome (MetS). Smooth muscle cell proliferation, a major mechanism of CAD, is mediated partly by myoplasmic Ca2+ dysregulation and store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) via canonical transient receptor(More)
INTRODUCTION Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex metabolic disorder characterized by persistent hyperglycemia and a wide range of underlying metabolic defects. The prevalence and incidence of T2D are expected to dramatically increase in the near-future and consequently, there is a significant medical need for diabetes care. Many targets are under(More)
When the axon of a motor neuron is sectioned and visualized by electron microscopy, a two-dimensional distribution of neurofilaments (NFs) with nonrandom spacing is revealed; this ordered arrangement implies the presence of physical interactions between the NFs. To gain insight into the molecular basis of this organization, we characterized NF distributions(More)
The interactions of a range of synthetic peptidoglycan derivatives with PGRP-Ialpha and PGRP-S have been studied in real-time using surface plasmon resonance. A dissociation constant of K(D) = 62 mum was obtained for the interaction of peptidoglycan recognition protein (PGRP)-Ialpha with the lysine-containing muramyl pentapeptide (compound 6). The(More)
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are pattern recognition receptors of the innate immune system that bind, and in some cases hydrolyse, bacterial peptidoglycans (PGNs). We determined the crystal structure of the C-terminal PGN-binding domain of human PGRP-Ialpha in complex with a muramyl tripeptide representing the conserved core of lysine-type(More)