Sanjay Kumar Garg

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Lead is a metallic pollutant emanating from various environmental sources including industrial wastes, combustion of fossil fuels, and use of agrochemicals. Lead may exist in the atmosphere as dusts, fumes, mists, and vapors, and in soil as a mineral. Soils along roadsides are rich in lead because vehicles burn leaded gasoline, which contributes to(More)
Rapid diagnosis and treatment are important for preventing transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, the diagnosis of tuberculosis continues to pose serious problems, mainly because of difficulties in differentiating between patients with active tuberculosis and those with healed lesions, normal mycobacterium boris BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a polar sphingolipid metabolite, is involved in a wide spectrum of biological processes, including Ca(++) mobilization, cell growth, differentiation, motility, and cytoskeleton organization. Here, we show a novel role of S1P in the induction of antimicrobial activity in human macrophages that leads to the intracellular killing(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a polar lipid metabolite which is involved in a wide range of biological processes, including cell proliferation and migration, wound healing, and increase of endothelial permeability. The present study reports evidences showing that LPA is able to enhance the antimicrobial activity of human macrophages and of bronchoalveolar(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) has recently been reported to induce antimycobacterial activity in vitro and in a mouse model of in vivo Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. However, its role in the course of pulmonary tuberculosis in humans is still not known. This study shows that S1P levels in airway surface fluid of tuberculosis (TB) patients are(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces apoptosis in human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) during the early stages of infection. We investigated the proapoptotic role of cell wall-associated mycobacterial 19-kDa lipoprotein and the possible association between 19-kDa lipoprotein signaling and production of proinflammatory cytokines. Purified mycobacterial(More)
The present study addresses the differential ability of macrophages to control intracellular growth of non-pathogenic Mycobacterium smegmatis (Msm) and pathogenic M. tuberculosis (MTB). Results reported herein show that 3 h post infection, intracellular Msm, but not MTB, was significantly killed by macrophages. As the role of human macrophage phospholipase(More)
Nonsyncytium inducing, macrophage tropic HIV strains predominate in the course of active tuberculosis (TB). The present study assesses the expression of CCR5 in CD4+ T-lymphocytes from blood and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of TB patients, non-TB lung disease controls and healthy controls. Memory (CD45RO+), recently activated (CD69+), proliferating (Ki67+)(More)
A simple and cost-effective diagnostic tool (TB Screen Test) for the screening of patients with pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis and for differentiation of those individuals from individuals without tuberculosis, other common infections, and healthy controls has been developed. The serological responses of purified mycobacterial glycolipid antigens(More)
A recombinant DNA strategy was applied to analyze and screen the shotgun expression library from a clinically confirmed local virulent isolate of Mycobacterium tuberculosis with sera from tuberculosis patients, which led to expression and purification of highly immunoreactive and specific mycobacterial antigens expressed during the course of active disease(More)