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Cervical cancer (CC), a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women worldwide, has been causally linked to genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Although a host of genetic alterations have been identified, molecular basis of CC development is still poorly understood. We examined the role of promoter hypermethylation, an epigenetic alteration(More)
The polycomb repressive complex (PRC) 2 contains 3 core proteins, EZH2, SUZ12, and EED, in which the SET (suppressor of variegation-enhancer of zeste-trithorax) domain of EZH2 mediates the histone methyltransferase activity. This induces trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3, regulates the expression of HOX genes, and promotes proliferation and(More)
Allelic deletions on the short arm of chromosome 6 (6p) are one of the common, possibly early, genetic changes that occur in the pathogenesis of cervical carcinoma (CC). Previous loss of heterozygosity (LOH) studies in CC identified a number of critical regions of deletions on 6p. However, the precise location of minimally deleted regions and their role in(More)
Male germ cell tumor (GCT) is a highly curable malignancy, which exhibits exquisite sensitivity to cisplatin treatment. The genetic pathway(s) that determine the chemotherapy sensitivity in GCT remain largely unknown. We studied epigenetic changes in relation to cisplatin response by examining promoter hypermethylation in a cohort of resistant and sensitive(More)
Human male germ cell tumors (GCTs) arise from undifferentiated primordial germ cells (PGCs), a stage in which extensive methylation reprogramming occurs. GCTs exhibit pluripotentality and are highly sensitive to cisplatin therapy. The molecular basis of germ cell (GC) transformation, differentiation, and exquisite treatment response is poorly understood. To(More)
The AXL receptor tyrosine kinase and its major ligand, GAS6 have been demonstrated to be overexpressed and activated in many human cancers (such as lung, breast, and pancreatic cancer) and have been correlated with poor prognosis, promotion of increased invasiveness/metastasis, the EMT phenotype and drug resistance. Targeting AXL in different model systems(More)
The mutant JAK2V617F tyrosine kinase (TK) is present in the majority of patients with BCR-ABL-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). JAK2V617F activates downstream signaling through the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT), RAS/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3)/AKT pathways, conferring(More)
We performed parallel array comparative genomic hybridization and array expression analysis of the 12p11-p12 amplicon in human testicular seminomas and an ovarian carcinoma cell line using an expressed sequence tags (ESTs) array spotted with 8254 ESTs. The data were normalized using a robust statistical modeling and the significance inferred from the local(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is frequently driven by oncogenic KRAS(KRAS*) mutations. We developed a mouse model of KRAS*-induced PDA and, based on genetic results demonstrating that KRAS* tumorigenicity depends on Myc activity, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of an orally administered anti-Myc drug. METHODS We tested the(More)
Heat shock protein (hsp) 90 inhibitors promote proteasomal degradation of pro-growth and pro-survival hsp90 client proteins, including CDK4, c-RAF and AKT, and induce apoptosis of human lymphoma cells. The pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat has also been shown to induce growth arrest and apoptosis of lymphoma cells. Here, we determined the effects(More)