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Human erythrocytes and Optison contrast agent have been exposed to ultrasound, both alone and in combination, in a single-half-wavelength chamber driven at its resonance frequency (fo) of 1.5 MHz. Cell movements were recorded by video microscopy at speeds up to 500 frames/s. The hypothesis that cells near a standing wave pressure node might be stressed by(More)
Exosomes are nanometer-sized vesicles, secreted by various cell types, present in biological fluids that are particularly rich in membrane proteins. Ex vivo analysis of exosomes may provide biomarker discovery platforms and form non-invasive tools for disease diagnosis and monitoring. These vesicles have never before been studied in the context of bladder(More)
Uptake of fluorescein isothiocynate-dextran (FITC-dextran) by Chinese hamster ovary cells was studied after exposure to ultrasonic standing wave (USW) in presence of Optison, an ultrasound contrast agent. Confluent Chinese hamster ovary cells were harvested and suspended in phosphate-buffered saline + 0.1% bovine serum albumin containing FITC-dextran (10,(More)