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Studies with a conjugate of carboxypeptidase G2 (CPG2) and the F(ab')2 fragment of monoclonal anti-CEA antibody, A5B7, have shown specific localisation in a human colon tumour xenograft, LS174T, growing in nude mice. The conjugate reaches a peak concentration in the tumour within 24 h but enzyme activity in blood remains above a critical value for(More)
BACKGROUND The right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is acknowledged to be responsible for arrhythmogenesis in Brugada syndrome (BrS), but the pathophysiology remains controversial. OBJECTIVES This study assessed the substrate underlying BrS at post-mortem and in vivo, and the role for open thoracotomy ablation. METHODS Six whole hearts from male(More)
To examine the role of cholecystokinin1 receptor (CCK1) in the activation of brainstem and myenteric neurons by CCK, we compared the ability of exogenous CCK-8 to induce Fos-like immunoreactivity (Fos-LI) in these neurons in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, lacking CCK1 receptors, and Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) controls. Five groups(More)
The objective of this study was to measure the relative efficacy and potency of cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8) given by intraperitoneal (i.p.) and intravenous (i.v.) injection to stimulate Fos-like immunoreactivity (Fos-LI) in neurons of the myenteric plexus in the duodenum and jejunum. The subjects for his experiment were 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats divided(More)
Cardiovascular remodelling in the conditioned athlete is frequently associated with physiological ECG changes. Abnormalities, however, may be detected which represent expression of an underlying heart disease that puts the athlete at risk of arrhythmic cardiac arrest during sports. It is mandatory that ECG changes resulting from intensive physical training(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of cholecystokinin (CCK)-receptor antagonists in the activation of enteric and hindbrain neurons by sulfated CCK-8. ANIMALS 81 male Sprague-Dawley rats. PROCEDURE Rats were allocated to 10 groups (5 to 22 rats/group). Each rat received 2 IP injections (15 minutes between injections). The first injection consisted of a(More)
We utilized a diaminobenzidine reaction enhanced with nickel to compare dorsal vagal complex (DVC) and myenteric neuronal Fos-Like immunoreactivity (Fos-LI), in response to sulfated cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8) (5, 10, 20, 40 microg/kg), among Sprague-Dawley (SD), Standard Long-Evans (SLE), Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF), and Long-Evans Tokushima(More)
Attempts to improve the selectivity of anti-cancer agents by conjugating them to antibodies directed at tumour associated antigens have demonstrated tumour localisation but only limited therapeutic success. We report here the advantage of a 2-stage approach in which the first component combines the selective delivery of antibody with a capability to(More)
Estrogen receptors alpha (ERalpha) and beta (ERbeta) have distinct functions and differential expression in certain tissues. These differences have stimulated the search for subtype-selective ligands. Therapeutically, such ligands offer the potential to target specific tissues or pathways regulated by one receptor subtype without affecting the other. As(More)