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We evaluate the performance of optical network designs using relatively few switch nodes at which wavelength conversion and electronic regeneration is possible. A simple heuristic for placing the fewest such nodes to reach a given blocking probability is based on the ranked frequency of shortest-path routes transiting each node. This strategy is found to be(More)
—We consider a slotted WDM packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters. The performance of this switch is studied using simulations with various types of data traffic. Results show that the slotted WDM packet switch with a small range of wavelength conversion capability can achieve a performance close to that of a switch with the full range of(More)
In this paper we describe an approximate method for the analysis of an open network of finite capacity queues. Finite buffer capacities at the nodes introduce blocking of jobs that finish service at a node and find that the destination node is full at that time. When this happens, we assume that the blocked job is held at the server of the queue where it(More)
—Next-generation wavelength routing optical networks requiring optical cross connects (OXC) in the network have the ability to direct optical signals from any input interface to suitable output interfaces by configuring their internal embedded optical switch matrices. Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) switches are regarded as the most promising(More)
In this paper we describe QNAT, a software tool developed at Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India, for the analysis and simulation of queueing networks. Arbitrary configurations of open or closed networks of multi-server queues with infinite or finite capacity, fork-join queues with or without synchronization queues can be analyzed or simulated(More)
We use the analytical model for multi-®bre WDM networks to approximately analyse the network performance of limited-range wavelength conversion WDM networks. In addition, we develop a simple analytical model for multi-®bre networks with limited-range wavelength conversion capability by combining the multi-®bre network model and the limited-range wavelength(More)
We consider WDM networks with lightpath switching where wavelengths may be converted, as required, along the lightpath. For efficient converter usage in such a network, sparse converter placement may be followed where only some of the network nodes are equipped with wavelength converters. Given the nominal network traffic pattern, we present a simple(More)