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In whole-cell and single-channel patch-clamp recordings from bovine adrenal fasciculata cells, it was discovered that selected caffeic acid derivatives dramatically enhanced the activity of background TREK-1 K+ channels. Cinnamyl 1-3,4-dihydroxy-alpha-cyanocinnamate (CDC), activated TREK-1 when this agent was applied externally to cells or outside-out(More)
The modulation of TREK-1 leak and Kv1.4 voltage-gated K+ channels by fatty acids and lysophospholipids was studied in bovine adrenal zona fasciculata (AZF) cells. In whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, arachidonic acid (AA) (1-20 microM) dramatically and reversibly increased the activity of bTREK-1, while inhibiting bKv1.4 current by mechanisms that occurred(More)
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) uses alfuzosin as an example of a drug having QT risk in humans that was not detected in nonclinical studies. FDA approval required a thorough clinical QT study (TCQS) that was weakly positive at high doses. The FDA has used the clinical/nonclinical discordance as a basis for mandatory TCQS, and this(More)
Low voltage-activated, rapidly inactivating T-type Ca(2+) channels are found in a variety of cells where they regulate electrical activity and Ca(2+) entry. In whole-cell patch clamp recordings from bovine adrenal zona fasciculata cells, cis-polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), eicosapentaenoic acid, and alpha-linolenic(More)
Bovine adrenal zona fasciculata (AZF) cells express a background K(+) channel (I(AC)) that sets the resting potential and acts pivotally in ACTH-stimulated cortisol secretion. We have cloned a bTREK-1 (KCNK2) tandem-pore K(+) channel cDNA from AZF cells with properties that identify it as the native I(AC). The bTREK-1 cDNA is expressed robustly in AZF cells(More)
Curcumin, a major constituent of the spice turmeric, is a nutriceutical compound reported to possess therapeutic properties against a variety of diseases ranging from cancer to cystic fibrosis. In whole-cell patch-clamp experiments on bovine adrenal zona fasciculata (AZF) cells, curcumin reversibly inhibited the Kv1.4K+ current with an IC50 of 4.4 microM(More)
Bovine adrenal zona fasciculata (AZF) cells express a two-pore/four-transmembrane segment bTREK-1 K+ channel that sets the resting potential and couples hormonal signals to depolarization-dependent Ca2+ entry and cortisol secretion. It was discovered that corticotropin (1-2000 pM) enhances the expression of bTREK-1 mRNA and membrane current in cultured AZF(More)
Bovine adrenal glomerulosa (AZG) cells were shown to express bTREK-1 background K(+) channels that set the resting membrane potential and couple angiotensin II (ANG II) receptor activation to membrane depolarization and aldosterone secretion. Northern blot and in situ hybridization studies demonstrated that bTREK-1 mRNA is uniformly distributed in the(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) containing the alpha7 subunit are expressed in the central nervous system, autonomic nervous system, retina, adrenal medulla, and PC12 cells. alpha7 nAChRs have been implicated in several important biological activities apart from synaptic transmission such as mediating neurite growth and presynaptic(More)
The viral resistance of marketed antiviral drugs including the emergence of new viral resistance of the only marketed CCR5 entry inhibitor, maraviroc, makes it necessary to develop new CCR5 allosteric inhibitors. A mutagenesis/modeling approach was used (a) to remove the potential hERG liability in an otherwise very promising series of compounds and (b) to(More)