The views expressed in this Background Paper are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the IEO, the IMF or IMF policy. Background Papers report analyses related to the work of the IEO and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.
This paper examines the nature of IMF Management and senior staff concerns about excessive reserve accumulation. It describes how the IMF's concerns regarding global imbalances before the crisis evolved into concerns about reserve accumulation in the crisis aftermath, and explores why this may have occurred. It assesses why the recent concerns about reserve… (More)
INTRODUCTION Giant cell tumor accounts for 5 to 9 percent of all primary bony tumors. Giant cell tumors are usually found in the long bones, most often the distal femur, proximal tibia, distal radius and rarely arising from the ribs. In this paper, we describe a case of giant cell tumor presented at an unusual location of the costovertebral junction as a… (More)
IMF response to the financial and economic crisis.
Health information exchange is expected of all electronic health records (EHRs) in order to ensure safe, quality care coordination. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has a long history of information exchange across VA facilities and with the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). However, since a majority of VA and DoD patients receive a portion of… (More)
CMOS circuits have significant amounts of dynamic short-circuit (or through) current. This can be as large as 20% of the total in well-designed circuits, and up to 80% of the total in circuits that have not been designed carefully. This current depends strongly on the relative sizes of the pull-up to pull-down paths. We introduce the dynamic short-circuit… (More)