Sanjay Arora

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STUDY OBJECTIVE Increasingly, low-income inner-city patients with diabetes utilize emergency departments (EDs) for acute and chronic care. We seek to determine whether a scalable, low-cost, unidirectional, text message-based mobile health intervention (TExT-MED) improves clinical outcomes, increases healthy behaviors, and decreases ED utilization in a(More)
intrOdUctiOn Emergency physicians must be comfortable and confident in providing safe and effective procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA). Goals of PSA include providing an adequate level of sedation while minimizing pain and anxiety, maximizing amnesia, minimizing the potential for adverse drug-related events, controlling behavior, and maintaining a(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE We describe the general and statistical content of the Instructions for Authors of major medical journals. METHODS This article reports on 2 observational studies. In study 1, we investigated the online versions of Instructions for Authors of 166 journals from 33 specialties for the presence of content about 15 methodologic and statistical(More)
OBJECTIVE In the emergency department, hyperglycemic patients are screened for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) via a urine dipstick. In this prospective study, we compared the test characteristics of point-of-care β-hydroxybutyrate (β-OHB) analysis with the urine dipstick. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Emergency-department patients with blood glucose ≥250 mg/dL(More)
OBJECTIVE Numerous mobile health (mHealth) interventions are being developed to aid in management of complex chronic medical conditions. However, the acceptance of mHealth programs by low-income, bilingual populations has not yet been evaluated. The Trial to Examine Text-based mHealth for Emergency department patients with Diabetes (TExT-MED) program is a(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients discharged from the emergency department (ED) are often referred for primary care, specialty, or other disease-specific follow-up appointments. Attendance at these scheduled follow-up appointments has been found to improve patient outcomes, decrease ED bounce-backs, and reduce malpractice risk. Reasons for missing follow-up visits are(More)
Although hypothermia is most common in patients who are exposed to a cold environment, it can develop secondary to toxin exposure, metabolic derangements, infections, and dysfunction of the central nervous and endocrine systems. The clinical presentation of hypothermia includes a spectrum of symptoms and is grouped into the following three categories: mild,(More)
Supplementary Table 1. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of β-OHB at alternate cutoffs β -OHB Cutoff Sensitivity Specificity Positive Predictive Value Negative Predictive Value >0.6 100% 61.7% 23.4% 100% >0.7 100% 66.7% 26.0% 100% >0.8 98.1% 69.5% 27.3% 99.7% >0.9 98.1% 71.2% 28.5% 99.7% >1.0 98.1% 72.3% 29.3% 99.7% >1.1(More)
BACKGROUND There are a few studies reporting the long term outcome of conservatively treated acetabular fractures. The present study aims to evaluate the quality of reduction, and radiological and functional outcome in displaced acetabular fractures treated conservatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty-nine patients (55 men and 14 women) with 71 displaced(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of the study were to describe temporal trends in the number, proportion, and per capita use of diabetes-related emergency department (ED) visits and to examine any racial/ethnic disparity in ED use for diabetes-related reasons. METHODS We analyzed the ED portion of the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 1997 through(More)