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The differential diagnosis for multiple sclerosis (MS) in childhood and adolescence includes infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic disorders as well as metabolic neurogenetic leukodystrophies, toxic leukodystrophies, and vascular conditions. The evaluation is determined by the clinical and neuroradiologic presentation. A minimal diagnostic battery is(More)
Major depression is prevalent, difficult to assess, underrecognized, and undertreated in hospice settings. Furthermore, it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. A retrospective chart review of 2716 patients receiving hospice care was conducted in order to determine the baseline rate of recognition of depression in patients with advanced,(More)
Anxious depression has been conceptualized in at least two related but separate ways: 1) major depressive disorder with at least one comorbid Axis I anxiety disorder and 2) major depressive disorder with a high level of anxiety with or without one or more comorbid Axis I anxiety disorders. Using either definition, patients with anxious depression seem to(More)
OBJECTIVES Delirium is prevalent, difficult to assess, under-recognized, and undertreated in hospice and palliative care settings. Furthermore, it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Under-recognition of delirium results in under-treatment and increased suffering. The intent of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the recognition(More)
BACKGROUND Major depression and delirium are prevalent, underrecognized, and undertreated in hospice and palliative care settings. Furthermore, they are both associated with significant morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE A screening study of patients receiving inpatient hospice care was conducted in order to determine the ease of screening for depression(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of citalopram augmentation of antipsychotics on suicidal ideation in middle-aged and older people with schizophrenia and subthreshold depressive symptoms. METHOD In this placebo-controlled trial conducted from September 1, 2001, to August 31, 2007, 198 outpatients > or = 40 years old with DSM-IV-diagnosed schizophrenia or(More)
OBJECTIVE Finding effective and lasting treatments for patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) that fail to respond optimally to initial standard treatment is a critical public health imperative. Understanding the nature and characteristics of patients prior to initiating "next-step" treatment is an important component of identifying which specific(More)
Importance Less than one-third of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) achieve remission with their first antidepressant. Objective To determine the relative effectiveness and safety of 3 common alternate treatments for MDD. Design, Setting, and Participants From December 2012 to May 2015, 1522 patients at 35 US Veterans Health Administration(More)