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Natural silicate materials, including zeolite clinoptilolite, have been shown to exhibit diverse biological activities and have been used successfully as a vaccine adjuvant and for the treatment of diarrhea. We report a novel use of finely ground clinoptilolite as a potential adjuvant in anticancer therapy. Clinoptilolite treatment of mice and dogs(More)
Cytokines produced in the tumour microenvironment have an important role in cancer pathogenesis. Altered cytokine expression may result in increased susceptibility to and/or poor prognosis in certain cancers. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of interleukin (IL)-8 and IL-10 on sporadic colon cancer development and(More)
Altered energy metabolism is a cancer hallmark as malignant cells tailor their metabolic pathways to meet their energy requirements. Glucose and glutamine are the major nutrients that fuel cellular metabolism, and the pathways utilizing these nutrients are often altered in cancer. Here, we show that the long ncRNA CCAT2, located at the 8q24 amplicon on(More)
The aims of this study were to assess the expression of protein products of c-myc, erbB-2, p53 and nm23-H1 gene in benign and malignant breast lesions, to estimate their possible coexpression and to correlate the results of immunohistochemical analysis with various clinicopathologic parameters. The method used was the immunohistochemical detection of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Colon cancer tumorigenesis is a multistep process of mutation accumulation in a number of oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes. NF1 gene protein, neurofibromin, acts as a tumour suppressor by turning the active form of Ras into an inactive form. This molecular switch has an important role in the control of the cell cycle and(More)
We report a rare and, to our knowledge, as yet undescribed type of collision tumour - rectal leiomyosarcoma and prostate adenocarcinoma. Our study also provides the first data on molecular alterations [polymerase chain reaction/loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis] of the APC, NF-1, DCC, p53, nm23-H1 and BRCA-1 genes in the two components of the collision(More)
Pathophysiological processes associated with disturbances in cell and tissue oxidative homeostasis, are associated with self-catalyzed process of lipid peroxidation. The end products of lipid peroxidation are reactive aldehydes such as 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), acting as "second messengers of free radicals." Although reactive aldehydes were first(More)
In human larynx carcinoma cells, resistance to carboplatin (CBDCA) was induced by continuous five-day exposure of parental lines to the increasing CBDCA concentrations in culture medium, reaching the clinical level of 9.23 micrograms/ml. Three clones were selected and characterized: CBP-3, CBP-6 and CBP-7, CBP-3 clone was 2.0-fold, CBP-6 2.1-fold, and CBP-7(More)
BACKGROUND The discovery that genetic alterations in oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes accompany tumour formation in many human tumours has encouraged the search for genes that promote or suppress tumour spread and metastasis; nm23 is a promising candidate for a metastasis suppressing gene. AIMS To evaluate whether expression of nm23-H1 protein or(More)
Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF 2) appears to be involved in the progression of many tumours. It binds to at least two different types of receptor: IGF type 1 (IGF 1R) and mannose 6-phosphate/IGF type 2 (M6-P/IGF 2R). Ligand binding to IGF 1R provokes mitogenic and anti-apoptotic effects. M6-P/IGF 2R has a tumour suppressor function--it mediates IGF 2(More)