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We developed a chemical route to produce graphene nanoribbons (GNR) with width below 10 nanometers, as well as single ribbons with varying widths along their lengths or containing lattice-defined graphene junctions for potential molecular electronics. The GNRs were solution-phase-derived, stably suspended in solvents with noncovalent polymer(More)
The GXGD proteases are polytopic membrane proteins with catalytic activities against membrane-spanning substrates that require a pair of aspartyl residues. Representative members of the family include preflagellin peptidase, type 4 prepilin peptidase, presenilin and signal peptide peptidase. Many GXGD proteases are important in medicine. For example, type 4(More)
Dipolar waves describe the structure and topology of helices in membrane proteins. The fit of sinusoids with the 3.6 residues per turn period of ideal alpha-helices to experimental measurements of dipolar couplings as a function of residue number makes it possible to simultaneously identify the residues in the helices, detect kinks or curvature in the(More)
Leptographium pyrinum, Leptographium terebrantis, Ophiostoma aureum, Ophiostoma clavigerum, and Ophiostoma robustum are very similar in morphology, host trees choice, and the way they are disseminated by bark beetles. Their phylogenetic relationships were clarified using rDNA and protein coding genes including actin, beta-tubulin, and translation elongation(More)
The mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae, and its fungal associates are devastating the lodgepole pine forests in British Columbia, Canada. During our fungal survey, an unknown Leptographium species has been consistently isolated from both D. ponderosae and infested lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia). This Leptographium species has(More)
Wireless sensor networks offer an attractive choice for low-cost and easy-to-deploy solutions for intelligent traffic guidance systems and parking lot applications. In this paper, we propose the use of a combination of magnetic and ultra-sonic sensors for accurate and reliable detection of vehicles in a parking lot. We describe a modified version of the(More)
Secure and reliable group communication is an increasingly active research area by growing popularity in group-oriented and collab-orative application. One of the important challenges is to design secure and efficient group key management. While centralized management is often appropriate for key distribution in large multicast-style groups, many(More)
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) ligate amino acids to their cognate tRNAs. It has been suggested that mammalian ARSs are linked to the EF-1 complex for efficient channeling of aminoacyl tRNAs to ribosome. Here we systemically investigated possible interactions between human ARSs and the subunits of EF-1 (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta) using a yeast(More)