Sangmook Lee

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Environmental stimulation and increased social interactions stimulate cognitive performance, while decrease in these parameters can exacerbate cognitive decline as a function of illness, injury, or age. We examined the impact of environmental stimulation and social interactions on cognitive performance in healthy adult C57B1/6J mice. Mice were housed for 1(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive motor neuron death. More than 90 mutations in the copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene cause a subset of familial ALS. Toxic properties have been proposed for the ALS-linked SOD1 mutants, but the nature of the toxicity has not been clearly specified.(More)
The mechanisms by which tau-containing lesions are propagated between adjacent and synaptically interconnected parts of the brain are a potentially important but poorly understood component of human tauopathies such as Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease, and corticobasal degeneration. Since the utility of currently available transgenic models for studying(More)
Abnormal tau cleavage is prominent in the neurofibrillary degeneration characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies. We recently showed that cleaved human tau is secreted by specific mechanisms when overexpressed. Here we examined the effect of expressing N-terminal and full length tau constructs in transiently and stably transfected(More)
Kinesin participates in axonal transport of neurofilaments (NFs), but the mode by which they attach to kinesin is unclear. We compared the association of NFs with kinesin in mice expressing or lacking NF-H or NF-M. In normal and M-/- mice, the leading edge of metabolically labeled NF subunits was selectively co-precipitated with kinesin. By contrast, the(More)
Neurofilaments (NFs) associate with each other and with other cytoskeletal elements to form a lattice that supports the mature axon. Phosphorylation contributes to formation of this stationary population of NFs by fostering cation-dependent interactions among NF sidearms. Association of NFs with the stationary phase indirectly competes with NF axonal(More)
Caspase-mediated truncation of tau is associated with aggregation. We examined the impact of manipulation of caspase activity on intracellular aggregation of a mutant form of tau (3PO) that forms spontaneous aggregates. Treatment with the caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-fmk reduced both N and C-terminal tau truncation but did not significantly reduce aggregation.(More)
C-terminal neurofilament phosphorylation mediates cation-dependent self-association leading to neurofilament incorporation into the stationary axonal cytoskeleton. Multiple kinases phosphorylate the C-terminal domains of the heavy neurofilament subunit (NF-H), including cyclin-dependent protein kinase 5 (CDK5), mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs),(More)
Hyperphosphorylation of tau is closely associated with its aggregation by as yet undefined mechanisms. We attempted herein to further investigate the interrelationships between tau aggregation and phosphorylation by inhibition and activation of cdk5 and GSK3β in cells expressing normal tau and a mutant form of tau (3PO-tau), which generates intracellular(More)
Neurofilament (NF) subunits translocate within axons as short NFs, non-filamentous punctate structures ('puncta') and diffuse material that might comprise individual subunits and/or oligomers. Transport of NFs into and along axons is mediated by the microtubule (MT) motor proteins kinesin and dynein. Despite being characterized as a retrograde motor, dynein(More)