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In order to identify Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signalling inhibitors, a cell-based high throughput screening was performed using a plant extract library that identified Nb-(alpha-hydroxynaphthoyl)serotonin called MS-1020 as a novel JAK3 inhibitor. MS-1020 potently inhibited persistently-active STAT3 in a cell(More)
Cell migration is a prerequisite for cancer invasion and metastasis, suggesting cell motility as a potential therapeutic target for cancer treatment. A synthetic library was screened to identify inhibitors of tumor cell migration. From this, we discovered that CAC-1098 (aurintricarboxylic acid) and CBI-0997 (5-(2,4-dimethoxy-5-ethylphenyl)-4-(4-bromophenyl)(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are inevitably generated in aerobic organisms as by-products of normal metabolism or as the result of defense and development. ROS readily oxidize methionine (Met) residues in proteins/peptides to form Met-R-sulfoxide or Met-S-sulfoxide, causing inactivation or malfunction of the proteins. A pepper (Capsicum annuum) methionine(More)
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and the signaling pathways that regulate its activity have become a focal point for intense drug discovery and development efforts. NF-kappaB regulates the transcription of a large number of genes, particularly those involved in immune, inflammatory, and antiapoptotic responses. In our search for NF-kappaB inhibitors from(More)
Compounds 4a-j and 5 were synthesized by cyclocondensation of 3a-j and hydrazine and showed significant LDL-antioxidant activities in the TBARS assay, the lag time of conjugated diene production, the relative electrophoretic mobility (REM) of ox-LDL, the apoB-100 fragmentation, and the macrophage-mediated LDL oxidation. Among compounds 4a-j and 5, 4a was(More)
New melanin synthesis inhibitors, melanocins A, B and C, were isolated from the fermentation broth and mycelium extract of Eupenicillium shearii F80695. Melanocin A, an isocyanide compound, inhibited mushroom tyrosinase and melanin biosynthesis of B16 melanoma cells with IC50 value of 9.0 nM and MIC value of 0.9 microM, respectively. Melanocin A also(More)
Clitocybin D, a novel human neutrophil elastase inhibitor, was isolated from the culture broth of Clitocybe aurantiaca. This compound was purified by solvent extraction, silica gel column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and preparative HPLC. The compound was determined to be 4-(4,6-dihydroxy-3-methoxy-3H-isoindol-1-yl)-benzoic acid on(More)
Allergic inflammation of the airways has a critical role in asthma development. We investigated a suppressive effect of verproside (3,4-dihydroxy catalpol) isolated from the extract of Pseudolysimachion longifolium on asthmatic parameters--such as immunoglobulin E (IgE) level, cytokine release, eosinophilia, airway hyperresponsiveness and mucus(More)
Previously, we reported that a fungal metabolite, terrein, decreases melanin synthesis via downregulation of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF). In the present study, we further investigated the long-term hypopigmenting action of terrein in a spontaneously immortalized mouse melanocyte cell line, Mel-Ab. Treatment with terrein at a(More)
The petroleum ether extract of Panax ginseng showed a significant inhibition of the diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) enzyme from rat liver microsomes. Bioactivity-guided fractionation led to the isolation of two new polyacetylenic compounds, (9 R,10 S)-epoxyheptadecan-4,6-diyn-3-one ( 1) and 1-methoxy-(9 R,10 S)-epoxyheptadecan-4,6-diyn-3-one ( 2).(More)