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We report tumor targeting nanoparticles for optical/MR dual imaging based on self-assembled glycol chitosan to be a potential multimodal imaging probe. To develop an optical/MR dual imaging probe, biocompatible and water-soluble glycol chitosan (M(w) = 50 kDa) were chemically modified with 5beta-cholanic acid (CA), resulting in amphiphilic glycol(More)
We report the fabrication and characterization of thermally cross-linked superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (TCL-SPION) and their application to the dual imaging of cancer in vivo. Unlike dextran-coated cross-linked iron oxide nanoparticles, which are prepared by a chemical cross-linking method, TCL-SPION are prepared by a simple, thermal(More)
The aim of this study was to explore local brain atrophy of patients with alcohol dependence using a voxel-based analysis of magnetic resonance images and to investigate the relationship of those atrophic regions with drinking history and neuropsychological performances. Statistical parametric mapping was applied for the global and regional comparison of(More)
Herein, we evaluated the tumoral low pH targeting characteristics of pH-responsive polymer micelles in cancer targeting therapy. To design the pH-responsive polymeric micelles, hydrophilic methyl ether poly(ethylene glycol) (MPEG) and pH-responsive/biodegradable poly(beta-amino ester) (PAE) were copolymerized using a Michael-type step polymerization,(More)
SIFamide receptor (SIFR) is a Drosophila G protein-coupled receptor for the neuropeptide SIFamide (SIFa). Although the sequence and spatial expression of SIFa are evolutionarily conserved among insect species, the physiological function of SIFa/SIFR signaling remains elusive. Here, we provide genetic evidence that SIFa and SIFR promote sleep in Drosophila.(More)
Current computed tomography (CT) contrast agents such as iodine-based compounds have several limitations, including short imaging times due to rapid renal clearance, renal toxicity, and vascular permeation. Here, we describe a new CT contrast agent based on gold nanoparticles (GNPs) that overcomes these limitations. Because gold has a higher atomic number(More)
Here, we designed a new nano-sized siRNA carrier system composed of biocompatible/biodegradable glycol chitosan polymer (GC) and strongly positively charged polyethylenimine (PEI) polymers. In order to make a stable and tumor-homing nano-sized carrier, each polymer was modified with hydrophobic 5beta-cholanic acid, and they were simply mixed to form(More)
Using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging, we investigated concentrations of various brain metabolites, including glutamate, and measured brain volumes and neuropsychological performances in 13 recently abstinent young alcoholic men compared with 18 controls. No differences were found in volumetric variables between groups(More)
Herein, we evaluated the cellular uptake pathways of hydrophobically modified glycol chitosan (HGC) nanoparticles as nano-sized drug carriers using cellular imaging technology. The endocytic pathway of nanocarriers for intracellular drug delivery is of great interest for the design of high efficacy delivery carriers for therapeutic agents. To evaluate the(More)