Sangita Biswas

Learn More
Parkinson's disease (PD), a progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder, is known to be caused by diverse pathological conditions resulting from dysfunction of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), mitochondria, and oxidative stress leading to preferential nigral dopamine (DA) neuron degeneration in the substantia nigra. In the present study, we(More)
Globoid cell leukodystrophy is an autosomal recessive disease with progressive demyelination caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme galactosylceramidase. Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a therapeutic option for patients with late-onset disease and for patients with early onset disease that had an early diagnosis owing to an affected sibling.(More)
The role of catecholamines in regulating the neuroendocrine stress response is controversial. We have investigated the effects of unilateral ventral noradrenergic bundle (VNAB) lesions on corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) and proenkephalin A mRNA responses in the parvocellular paraventricular nucleus (pPVN) to both physical and psychological stresses.(More)
The effects of intracerebroventricular administration of neuropeptide Y (NPY) on central monoamine turnover were studied in rats treated with alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (alpha-MPT). NPY decreased noradrenaline turnover in the brainstem, hypothalamus, midbrain and hippocampus. Dopamine turnover was decreased in the brainstem and striatum of NPY-treated rats.(More)
The effects of the activation of protein kinase A (PKA), protein kinase C (PKC) and corticosteroids were investigated on the release of corticotrophin-releasing factor-41 (CRF), arginine vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin from rat fetal hypothalamic cells in culture. Both forskolin and PMA (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate) increased CRF, AVP and oxytocin(More)
Immunoreactive neuropeptide Y (irNPY) was detected by radioimmunoassay within the rat thymus and spleen. Total spleen and thymus irNPY contents in control animals were 77 +/- 3 ng and 23 +/- 1 ng respectively (means +/- S.E.M., n = 10). Total tissue contents of irNPY 14 days following bilateral adrenalectomy or induction of inflammatory arthritis were not(More)
In addition to the classical anterior pituitary hormones, many human pituitary adenomas express hormone genes ectopically. Expression of glycoprotein hormone alpha-subunit and, less commonly, free luteinizing hormone beta (LH-beta) or follicle-stimulating hormone beta is characteristic of endocrinologically inactive adenomas, a subgroup thought to be(More)
Modifier genes may account for the phenotypic variability observed in the late-onset forms of globoid cell leukodystrophy (GCL) in humans. In order to begin a search for modifier genes, the effect of genetic background on the clinical and pathological manifestations of GCL was investigated in twitcher mice. Twitcher mice on a C57BL/6 x CAST/Ei background(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), are autoimmune demyelinating diseases with autoreactive T-cells acting as important mediators of pathogenesis. Cuprizone, a copper chelator, and piperonyl butoxide (PBO), a pesticide synergist, are implicated to inhibit T-cell activation and function. The purpose of(More)