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OBJECTIVE To test alternative explanations for the comorbidity between fibromyalgia (FM), a medically unexplained syndrome involving widespread pain, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In contrast to a default "risk factor" hypothesis, tested hypotheses were that: A) The association is due to a sampling bias introduced by the study of care-seeking(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence and patterns of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) in the USA and to explore the reasons for use, symptoms treated and perceived effectiveness of these therapies. METHODS Surveys were mailed to the entire mailing list of the MS Foundation, constituting(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture as a treatment for chronic pain and secondary symptoms after spinal cord injury (SCI) and to identify disease-specific variables associated with response to treatment. DESIGN A within-subjects design consisting of a 7(1/2)-week no-acupuncture baseline period followed by a 7(1/2)-week treatment period and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether acupuncture can lead to autonomic dysreflexia (AD) when used to treat chronic pain in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN Acupuncture analgesia study. SETTING Medical rehabilitation research center. PARTICIPANTS Fifteen participants with post-SCI chronic pain who were at risk for AD (ie, SCI at or above(More)
OBJECTIVES The three objectives of this study were: (1) to evaluate the effectiveness of Reiki as an adjunctive treatment for patients with subacute stroke who were receiving standard rehabilitation as inpatients, (2) to evaluate a double-blinded procedure for training Reiki practitioners, and (3) to determine whether or not double-blinded Reiki and sham(More)
Numerous studies report that fibromyalgia (FM), a syndrome characterized by widespread pain and generalized tender points, is comorbid with major depressive disorder (MDD). The current study tests two alternate explanations for their comorbidity using a family study methodology. The first is that FM is a depression spectrum disorder. The second is that(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the patterns and reasons for the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as a treatment for chronic pain among individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI). METHODS Telephone surveys were conducted in a sample of 77 people with SCI and chronic pain. RESULTS Of those surveyed, 40.3% had used(More)
AIMS To examine the prevalence and predictors of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), prior to their first treatment with an intraoral splint. METHODS Sixty-three women with a diagnosis of myofascial TMD, and who had never been prescribed an intraoral appliance, reported on their use of(More)
Prior studies of careseeking fibromyalgia (FM) patients often report that they have an elevated risk of psychiatric disorders, but biased sampling may distort true risk. The current investigation utilizes state-of-the-art diagnostic procedures for both FM and psychiatric disorders to estimate prevalence rates of FM and the comorbidity of FM and specific(More)
A purported pathogenic mechanism for the development of fibromyalgia, a medically unexplained syndrome involving widespread pain, is stress and associated psychiatric disorder. The major stressor of recent World Trade Center terrorist attacks provides a natural experiment for evaluating this mechanism. This study sought to determine whether symptoms(More)