Sangeeta R. Kashyap

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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized by insulin resistance and pancreatic beta cell dysfunction. In high-risk subjects, the earliest detectable abnormality is insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. Impaired insulin-mediated signaling, gene expression, glycogen synthesis, and accumulation of intramyocellular triglycerides have all been linked with(More)
BACKGROUND Observational studies have shown improvement in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus after bariatric surgery. METHODS In this randomized, nonblinded, single-center trial, we evaluated the efficacy of intensive medical therapy alone versus medical therapy plus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy in 150 obese patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantitate plasma ceramide subspecies concentrations in obese subjects with type 2 diabetes and relate these plasma levels to the severity of insulin resistance. Ceramides are a putative mediator of insulin resistance and lipotoxicity, and accumulation of ceramides within tissues in obese and diabetic subjects has been well described. (More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the overall effects of bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical treatment for obesity. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis based on a random effects model. DATA SOURCES Searches of Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from their inception to December 2012 regardless of language or publication status. ELIGIBILITY(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluate the long-term effects of bariatric surgery on type 2 diabetes (T2DM) remission and metabolic risk factors. BACKGROUND Although the impressive antidiabetic effects of bariatric surgery have been shown in short- and medium-term studies, the durability of these effects is uncertain. Specifically, long-term remission rates following(More)
BACKGROUND Microalbuminuria portends an increased risk for renal and cardiovascular diseases in diabetes. In this pilot study, we determined the effect of weight loss induced by different types of bariatric surgery on albuminuria in severely obese type 2 diabetic (T2DM) subjects. METHODS Fifteen consecutive T2DM patients (9M/6F, 51+/-14 years, body mass(More)
Although nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is frequent in obesity, the metabolic determinants of advanced liver disease remain unclear. Adipokines reflect inflammation and insulin resistance associated with obesity and may identify advanced NAFLD. At the time of obesity surgery, 142 consecutive patients underwent liver biopsy and had their(More)
Acute elevations in free fatty acids (FFAs) stimulate insulin secretion, but prolonged lipid exposure impairs beta-cell function in both in vitro studies and in vivo animal studies. In humans data are limited to short-term (< or =48 h) lipid infusion studies and have led to conflicting results. We examined insulin secretion and action during a 4-day lipid(More)
The dose-response relationship between elevated plasma free fatty acid (FFA) levels and impaired insulin-mediated glucose disposal and insulin signaling was examined in 21 lean, healthy, normal glucose-tolerant subjects. Following a 4-h saline or Liposyn infusion at 30 (n = 9), 60 (n = 6), and 90 (n = 6) ml/h, subjects received a 2-h euglycemic insulin (40(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Observational studies have reported an association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and microalbuminuria or proteinuria and chronic kidney disease (CKD) with varying risk estimates. We aimed to systematically review the association between MetS, its components, and development of microalbuminuria or proteinuria and CKD. DESIGN,(More)