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Maintenance of calcium balance in the uterus is essential for many of its functions, including embryo implantation. The plasma membrane Ca(2+) -pumping ATPase proteins are encoded by four genes designated PMCA1-4, and PMCA1 is expressed in the uterus of rats during the estrous cycle. Although transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V, member 6(More)
The present study investigated the effects of zinc deficiency during in vitro maturation (IVM) of porcine oocytes. Zinc deficiency was induced by administering the membrane‑permeable zinc chelator N,N,N',N'‑tetrakis‑(2‑pyridylmethyl)‑ethylendiamine (TPEN). First, the effects of zinc deficiency during IVM on a TPEN‑treated group and a TPEN+zinc-treated group(More)
In the present study quantitative real-time PCR was used to determine the expression status of eight imprinted genes (GRB10, H19, IGF2R, XIST, IGF2, NNAT, PEG1 and PEG10) during preimplantation development, in normal fertilized and uniparental porcine embryos. The results demonstrated that, in all observed embryo samples, a non imprinted gene expression(More)
We examined the effects of porcine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (pGM-CSF) on the in vitro development of porcine embryos produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) for the first time. We evaluated the effects of pGM-CSF on SCNT-derived blastocyst formation and investigated gene expression. A total of 522 cloned embryos in 6(More)
During follicular development, the importance of the interaction between oocytes and somatic cells is well-known for maturation oocyte. Growth differentiation factor-9 (gdf-9) is thought to play an important role in such process. In this study, we characterized porcine gdf-9 gene and investigate its expression during development. Also we determined its(More)
To determine the presence of sexual dimorphic transcription and how in vitro culture environments influence X-linked gene transcription patterns in preimplantation embryos, we analyzed mRNA expression levels in in vivo-derived, in vitro-fertilized (IVF), and cloned porcine blastocysts. Our results clearly show that sex-biased expression occurred between(More)
X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) is an epigenetic process that equalizes expression of X-borne genes between male and female eutherians. This process is observed in early eutherian embryo development in a species-specific manner. Until recently, various pluripotent factors have been suggested to regulate the process of XCI by repressing XIST expression,(More)
We investigated the effects of resveratrol, a phytoalexin with various pharmacologic activities, on in vitro maturation (IVM) of porcine oocytes. We investigated intracellular glutathione (GSH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, as well as gene expression in mature oocytes, cumulus cells, and in vitro fertilization (IVF)-derived blastocysts, and(More)
Therapeutic cloning or nuclear transfer for stem cells (NTSC) seeks to overcome immune rejection through the development of embryonic stem cells (ES cells) derived from cloned blastocysts. The successful derivation of a human embryonic stem cell (hESC) line from blastocysts generated by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) provides proof-of-principle for(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of L-carnitine treatment during in vitro maturation (IVM) of immature pig (Sus scrofa) oocytes. Specifically, the effects of L-carnitine treatment on nuclear maturation and oocyte intracellular glutathione (GSH) levels, embryonic development after parthenogenetic activation (PA) and somatic cell nuclear(More)