Sang Young Song

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Humoral immune response to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of stiff-man syndrome and cerebellar ataxia, but the underlying pathomechanism is unclear. Using a whole-cell patch-clamp technique with rat cerebellar slices, we found that immunoglobulins present in the cerebrospinal fluid of an ataxic patient acted(More)
Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), the enzyme responsible for converting glutamate to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), is a target of humoral autoimmunity in stiff-man syndrome and subacute cerebellar ataxia. Recently, we found that an anti-GAD autoantibody in the CSF of an ataxic patient selectively suppressed GABA-mediated transmission on cerebellar(More)
Modulation of excitatory synaptic transmission by agonists for several neurotransmitter receptors was investigated at intrinsic cortical synapses derived from single presynaptic neurons. Excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) were recorded from layer 5 pyramidal neurons in the rat visual cortex in response to minimal stimulation within the same layer.(More)
In dissociated neurons of rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG), noradrenaline (NA) and acetylcholine (ACh) suppressed Ca2+ currents elicited by depolarizations to 0 mV from -60 mV. With GTP-gamma-S in patch electrodes, ACh and NA caused persistent inhibition of Ca2+ currents. Pretreatment of SCG cells with pertussis toxin abolished the action of ACh but not(More)
Autoantibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) have been found in stiff-man syndrome, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, and progressive cerebellar ataxia. A patient with progressive cerebellar ataxia is described who was positive for GAD autoantibodies, and had Sjögren's syndrome. Immunohistochemical studies using CSF and serum samples from the(More)
A nuclear protein, termed leucine-rich acidic nuclear protein (LANP), has been isolated from among rat cerebellar proteins whose expression was transiently increased during an early stage of postnatal development. The amino acid sequence, deduced from its cDNA, showed that LANP contains 247 amino acids consisting of two distinct structural domains: the(More)
The actions of serotonin (5-HT) on synaptic responses in Purkinje cells were examined using the whole-cell voltage-clamp recording from thin slices of the rat cerebellum. Focal stimulation within the molecular layer elicited synaptic responses: (1) inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) that were completely blocked by bicuculline; (2) excitatory(More)
Catecholaminergic (dopaminergic, noradrenergic, and adrenergic) transmitter phenotypes require the cooperative actions of four biosynthetic enzymes: tyrosine hydroxylase, aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, dopamine beta-hydroxylase, and phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase. Mechanisms that control expression of these enzymes in a transmitter(More)
Using intracellular recording, we examined the effects of three mammalian tachykinins, substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA), and neurokinin B (NKB), on sympathetic neurons of isolated rat coeliac-superior mesenteric ganglia (C-SMG). The 3 tachykinins elicited two distinct depolarizing responses in ganglion cells: fast depolarization with time-to-peak of 1-2(More)