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BACKGROUND Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a serious and frequent complication after surgery, especially in elderly patients. Ketamine is an N-methyl D-aspartic acid receptor antagonist with demonstrated neuroprotective effects. An intravenous bolus of a sub-anesthetic dose (0.5 mg/kg) of ketamine can reduce postoperative delirium (POD) and(More)
The piriformis syndrome is a condition allegedly attributable to compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle. Recently, magnetic resonance neurography and electrophysiologic study have helped to diagnose piriformis syndrome. High dose radiotherapy could induce acute and delayed muscle damage. We had experienced piriformis syndrome with fatty(More)
Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) is a syndrome of chronic biliary pain or recurrent pancreatitis due to the functional obstruction of the pancreaticobiliary flow. We report a case of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for chronic abdominal pain due to SOD. The patient had a history of cholecystectomy and had suffered from chronic right upper quadrant(More)
Surgical excision was performed on a 30-years old woman with a painful mass on her left thigh. The pathologic findings on the mass indicated fibromatosis. After the operation, she complained of allodynia and spontaneous pain at the operation site and ipsilateral lower leg. We treated her based on postoperative femoral neuropathy, but symptom was aggravated.(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of sedation and general anesthesia for surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE). METHODS This randomized prospective study included 30 patients who were scheduled for SARPE, and was performed between January 2008 to February 2010 in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara(More)
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. CC Cystic lung diseases of infants include(More)
BACKGROUND A fraction of right ventricular stroke volume (pulmonary artery systolic storage, [PASS]), which is stored in pulmonary arteries during systole and then discharged to the capillaries, determines the diastolic pulmonary capillary blood flow and hence the capillary blood volume participating in gas diffusion. Possibility that increases in pulmonary(More)
A 15-year-old adolescent with unilateral multiple adrenal pheochromocytoma had an episode of subcortical intracerebral hemorrhage and seizure 6 weeks before the surgery. He was pretreated with terazosin, losartan, atenolol and levetiracetam for 2 weeks. Dexmedetomidine was started in the preoperative waiting area, and a combination of dexmedetomidine and(More)
To the Editor: Indigo carmine (IC) has been used to examine the urinary collecting system. Because of its molecular structure, it causes hypertension and bradycardia [1] and can sometimes induce hypotension. A 66-year-old male was scheduled for robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). He had a history of hypertension and showed wall(More)
BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha-2 agonist, has sedative, analgesic, and anxiolytic effects without respiratory depression. Dexmedetomidine can cause a biphasic cardiovascular response, and induce transient hypertension. Hypotension is a common complication of spinal anesthesia. Decreasing anxiety of patients before procedure is important for(More)