Sang Wook Son

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Silica nanoparticles (NPs) are widely applied in many fields, such as chemical industry, medicine, cosmetics, and agriculture. However, the hazardous effects of silica NPs exposure are not completely understood. In this study, the two different sizes (20 nm and 100 nm) and different charges (negatively charged [NC] and weakly negatively charged [WNC]) of(More)
In spite of widely use of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) in cosmetic industry and in our daily lives, insufficient studies have evaluated the potential of their toxic response. This study was conducted to investigate the potential of cytotoxicity induced by ZnO NPs, especially influences of the surface charge and different particle size. Assessment of(More)
Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticle is added in various materials and products such as paints, plastics, ceramics, glass, rubber, pigments and sunscreen. Especially, ZnO nanoparticles are widely used in UV protection, because of their property of absorption ultraviolet light. Despite the widespread use of ZnO nanoparticles, there are many unknowns in(More)
Nanoparticles (NPs) are used commercially in health and fitness fields, but information about the toxicity and mechanisms underlying the toxic effects of NPs is still very limited. The aim of this study is to investigate the toxic effect(s) of 100 nm negatively (ZnO(AE100[-])) or positively (ZnO(AE100[+])) charged zinc oxide (ZnO) NPs administered by gavage(More)
In order to determine the efficacy of functional foods, objective measurement of the severity of atopic dermatitis (AD) after taking foods is important. The aim of this study was to conduct an objective evaluation of whether Korean red ginseng (KRG) might be helpful for improvement of skin condition and serum IgE in patients with AD. Thirty atopic patients(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the potential toxicity and establish the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) and target organ(s) of negatively charged colloidal silica particles of different sizes, ie, SiO2 (EN20(-)) (20 nm) or SiO2 (EN100(-)) 2(100 nm), administered by gavage in Sprague-Dawley rats. After verification of the physicochemical(More)
Zinc Oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) in its small size with large reactive surfaces can lead to toxicological injury by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress. Recently, ZnO NPs were shown to play a role in acute or chronic toxicities with mammalian cells, where its mechanism of toxicity is not fully characterized yet. In this study,(More)
Zinc oxide (ZnO) works as a long-lasting, broad-spectrum physical sunblock, and can prevent skin cancer, sunburn, and photoaging. Nanosized ZnO particles are used often in sunscreens due to consumer preference over larger sizes, which appear opaque when dermally applied. Although the US Food and Drug Administration approved the use of nanoparticles (NPs) in(More)
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are the two most common subtypes of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). Ultraviolet B radiation (UVB) exposure has been correlated with the occurrence of NMSC in humans. Thus far, studies investigating UVB-associated risk factors for NMSC in Asia have not been completed. The goal of this study was to(More)
Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease that can affect any hair-bearing area. AA is known to be caused by immunological disorder but still, the pathogenesis is not fully understood. Many therapeutic modalities have been used to treat alopecia areata, with variable efficacy and safety profiles. Unfortunately, none of these agents is definitely(More)