Sang Won Shin

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PURPOSE The ISTANA (IRESSA as Second-line Therapy in Advanced NSCLC-KoreA) study compared gefitinib with docetaxel in patients with advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) pretreated with platinum-based chemotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We conducted a multicenter, randomized, open-label phase III trial of gefitinib (250 mg/d) versus(More)
BACKGROUND Platelets have been reported to act as transporters of tumor-originated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), contributing to tumor angiogenesis and progression. Serum VEGF per platelet count, as an indirect theoretical estimate of VEGF in platelets, may predict the malignant potential of tumors. However, its prognostic significance is still(More)
The tumor suppressor gene, TP53, is located on chromosome 17p13.1 and is critical for DNA repair, cell-cycle control, and apoptosis. TP53 also plays a crucial function in the tumorigenesis of lung cancer. Inactivation of TP53 via genetic alterations such as missense mutations is often associated with lung cancer. In this study, potential association of TP53(More)
BACKGROUND The balance in the immune system between immune surveillance against non-self-antigens and tolerance of self-antigens is known to be associated with the prognosis of breast cancer patients. However, immunologic signals in tumor microenvironment according to biological characteristics of cancer cells have not been clearly elucidated. CD4(+) T(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia-induced changes may allow tumor cells to survive under sustained hypoxic microenvironments resulting in achievement of more aggressive phenotypes. The purpose of this study is to determine the prognostic relevance of the expression of carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX), a hypoxia-related protein in surgically resected squamous cell carcinoma(More)
In order to evaluate the role of BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations in Korean patients with sporadic breast cancer, 97 patients with sporadic breast cancer were analyzed for mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 coding regions, by using a combination of fluorescent-conformation sensitive gel electrophoresis (F-CSGE) and direct sequencing. Fifty-five distinct(More)
Urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) plays a major role in cancer invasion and metastasis and uPAR expression is correlated with a poor prognosis in various cancer types. Moreover, the expression of uPAR is increased under hypoxic conditions. Nitric oxide (NO) and its metabolites produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) are important(More)
OBJECTIVES We conducted this study to identify factors influencing the burdens cancer brings to a patient's family and to evaluate the association between the burdens and the caregiver's quality of life (QOL). METHODS Participants were drawn from the primary family caregivers of cancer patients at 6 university hospitals and the National Cancer Center in(More)
This study was designed to prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of first-line gefitinib treatment in patients with advanced pulmonary adenocarcinoma harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations and to explore the molecular factors affecting the efficacy of gefitinib. Tumor tissue, derived from either the original tumor or the(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations as prognostic or predictive marker in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have been used widely. However, it may be difficult to get tumor tissue for analyzing the status of EGFR mutation status in large proportion of patients with advanced disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS We obtained(More)