Sang Taek Jung

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Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is an extracellular copper dependent enzyme catalyzing lysine-derived cross-links in extracellular matrix proteins. Recent molecular cloning has revealed the existence of a LOX family consisting of LOX and four lysyl oxidase-like proteins (LOXLs; LOXL, LOXL2, LOXL3, and LOXL4). Each member of the LOX family contains a copper-binding(More)
Effector Fc gamma receptors (FcgammaRs) are expressed on the surface of a variety of cells of hematopoietic lineage and serve as a bridge between adaptive and innate immune responses. The interaction between immune complexes, formed by IgG class antibodies that are crosslinked with antigen, and FcgammaRs triggers signaling cascades that result in numerous(More)
OBJECTIVES Tenascin-C (TNC) is an oligomeric glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix that is prominently expressed in malignant tumors. The purpose of this study was: (1) to determine the in vitro TNC splicing pattern in cultured human chondrocytes and chondrosarcoma cells, (2) to determine the in vivo TNC splicing pattern in clinical chondrosarcoma(More)
Protein engineering of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) has been very successful in generating valuable non-natural activities and properties, allowing these powerful catalysts to be used for the synthesis of drug metabolites and in biosynthetic pathways for the production of precursors of artemisinin and paclitaxel. Collected experience indicates(More)
Binding of the Fc domain of Immunoglobulin G (IgG) to Fcγ receptors on leukocytes can initiate a series of signaling events resulting in antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and other important immune responses. Fc domains lacking glycosylation at N297 have greatly diminished Fcγ receptor binding and lack the ability to initiate a robust(More)
We have developed and validated a methodology for determining the antibody composition of the polyclonal serum response after immunization. Pepsin-digested serum IgGs were subjected to standard antigen-affinity chromatography, and resulting elution, wash, and flow-through fractions were analyzed by bottom-up, liquid chromatography-high-resolution tandem(More)
Glycans anchored to residue N297 of the antibody IgG Fc domain are critical in mediating binding toward FcγRs to direct both adaptive and innate immune responses. However, using a full length bacterial IgG display system, we have isolated aglycosylated Fc domains with mutations that confer up to a 160-fold increase in the affinity toward the low affinity(More)
The N-linked glycan of immunoglobulin G (IgG) is indispensable for the interaction of the Fc domain with Fcgamma receptors on effector cells and the clearance of target cells via antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). Escherichia coli expressed, aglycosylated Fc domains bind effector FcgammaRs poorly and cannot elicit ADCC. Using a novel(More)
The lysyl oxidase-like protein 4 (LOXL4) is the latest member of the emerging family of lysyl oxidases, several of which were shown to function as copper-dependent amine oxidases catalyzing lysine-derived cross-links in extracellular matrix proteins. LOXL4 contains four scavenger receptor cysteine-rich domains in addition to the characteristic domains of(More)
In recent years a number of aglycosylated therapeutic antibodies have entered the clinic. The clinical evaluation of these antibodies has served to dispel concerns that the absence of the ubiquitous N297 glycan in the Fc of IgG might result in immunogenicity, poor in vivo stability or unfavorable pharmacokinetics. Importantly, recent studies have now(More)