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In a previous study using PC-12 cells (Lim, S. S., P. J. Sammak, and G. G. Borisy, 1989. J. Cell Biol. 109:253-263), we presented evidence that the microtubule component of the neuronal cytoskeleton is differentially dynamic but stationary. However, neurites of PC-12 cells grow slowly, hindering a stringent test of slow axonal transport mechanisms under(More)
The establishment of neural circuits requires both stable and plastic properties in the neuronal cytoskeleton. In this study we show that properties of stability and lability reside in microtubules and these are governed by cellular differentiation and intracellular location. After culture for 3, 7, and 14 d in nerve growth factor-containing medium, PC-12(More)
In order to study microtubule turnover in elongating neurites, chick embryo sensory neurons were microinjected with x-rhodamine tubulin, and after 6-12 hours, short segments along chosen neurites were photobleached at multiple sites. Previous studies [Lim et al., 1989; 1990] indicated that recovery of fluorescence (FRAP) in neurites occurs by the dynamic(More)
We have conducted experiments to examine the dynamic exchange between subunit and polymer of vimentin intermediate filaments (IF) at steady state through the use of xrhodamine-labeled vimentin in fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) analysis. The xrhodamine-vimentin incorporated into the endogenous vimentin IF network after microinjection into(More)
We have studied the dynamics of microtubules in black tetra (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi) melanophores to test the possible correlation of microtubule stability and intracellular particle transport. X-rhodamine-or caged fluorescein-conjugated tubulin were microinjected and visualized by fluorescence digital imaging using a cooled charge coupled device and(More)
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