Sang Su Kwak

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We report a Notch signal-induced pathway that leads to transcriptional activation of HIF1-alpha gene. HeLa/rtTAA/TRE-N1-IC cell line capable of doxycycline-induced expression of human Notch1-IC was established. The induction of Notch signaling activates HIF1-alpha and its target gene expression in HeLa/rtTAA/TRE-N1-IC cells. Notch signaling enhanced signal(More)
The biochemical mechanism by which the human tumorous imaginal disc1(S) (hTid-1(S)) interferes with actin cytoskeleton organization in keratinocytes of human skin epidermis was investigated. We found that hTid-1, specifically hTid-1(S), interacts with MK5, a p38-regulated/activated protein kinase, and inhibits the protein kinase activity of MK5 that(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH₄) deficiency is a genetic disorder associated with a variety of metabolic syndromes such as phenylketonuria (PKU). In this article, the signaling pathway by which BH₄ deficiency inactivates mTORC1 leading to the activation of the autophagic pathway was studied utilizing BH₄-deficient Spr(-/-) mice generated by the knockout of the(More)
This study reports an amelioration of abnormal motor behaviors in tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)-deficient Spr (-/-) mice by the dietary supplementation of tyrosine. Since BH4 is an essential cofactor for the conversion of phenylalanine into tyrosine as well as the synthesis of dopamine neurotransmitter within the central nervous system, the levels of tyrosine(More)
We assign a new function to a tumor suppressor NPRL2 that activates the mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) activity. The positive regulation of mTORC1 activity by NPRL2 is mediated through NPRL2 interaction with Raptor. While NPRL2 interacts with Rag GTPases, RagD in particular, to interfere with mTORC1 activity in amino acid scarcity, NPRL2 interacts with Raptor in(More)
The activation of autophagic pathway by alkaline stress was investigated. Various types of mammalian cells were subjected to alkaline stress by incubation in bicarbonate buffered media in humidified air containing atmospheric 0.04% CO(2) . The induction of autophagy following alkaline stress was evaluated by assessing the conversion of cytosolic LC3-I into(More)
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