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The liver is a central organ that performs a wide range of functions such as detoxification and metabolic homeostasis. Since it is a metabolically active organ, liver is particularly susceptible to oxidative stress. It is well documented that liver diseases including hepatitis, fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma are highly associated with(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) and retinoic acid X-receptor (RXR) heterodimer, which regulates cell growth and differentiation, represses the TGFbeta1 gene that encodes for the protein involved in cancer biology. This review will introduce the novel mechanism associated with the inhibition of the TGFbeta1 gene by PPARgamma(More)
Previously, we reported that isorhamnentin, a 3'-O-methylated metabolite of quercetin, reduced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression and NO production. The present study further investigated the underlying mechanism of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of isorhamnentin. Administration of isorhamnetin decreased the number of(More)
Isorhamentin is a 3'-O-methylated metabolite of quercetin, and has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects. However, the effects of isorhamnetin on Nrf2 activation and on the expressions of its downstream genes in hepatocytes have not been elucidated. Here, we investigated whether isorhamnetin has the ability to activate Nrf2(More)
Degradation of glucose is aberrantly increased in hyperglycemia, which causes various harmful effects on the liver. Methylglyoxal is produced during glucose degradation and the levels of methylglyoxal are increased in diabetes patients. In this study we investigated whether methylglyoxal induces mitochondrial impairment and apoptosis in HepG2 cells and(More)
Arachidonic acid (AA, a proinflammatory fatty acid) in combination with iron promotes excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and exerts a deleterious effect on mitochondria. We have shown previously that activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) protects hepatocytes from AA + iron-induced apoptosis. Resveratrol, a polyphenol in grapes, has(More)
Iron-overload disorders cause hepatocyte injury and inflammation by oxidative stress, possibly leading to liver fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. This study investigated the efficacy of sauchinone, a bioactive lignan, in preventing iron-induced liver injury and explored the mechanism of sauchinone's activity. To create iron overload, mice were injected(More)
Liver X receptor-α (LXRα), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors, regulates de novo fatty acid synthesis that leads to stimulate hepatic steatosis. Although, resveratrol has beneficial effects on metabolic disease, it is not known whether resveratrol affects LXRα-dependent lipogenic gene expression. This(More)
4-Methyl-5-(2-pyrazinyl)-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (oltipraz), a prototype drug candidate containing a 1,2-dithiole-3-thione moiety, has been widely studied as a cancer chemopreventive agent. Oltipraz and other novel 1,2-dithiole-3-thione congeners have the capability to prevent insulin resistance via AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation. Arachidonic(More)
2'-Amino-3'-methoxyflavone (PD98059), an MKK1 inhibitor, negatively regulates the induction of the CYP1A1 gene by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In view of the observations that PD98059 inhibits AhR-mediated CYP1A1 induction and has the capability to activate C/EBPbeta, the study investigated whether the inhibition by PD98059 of 3-MC induction of CYP1A1(More)