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Ginseng has been reported to ameliorate hyperglycemia in experimental and clinical studies; however, its mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the metabolic effects and putative molecular mechanisms of Korean red ginseng (KRG, Panax ginseng) in animal models for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and peripheral insulin-responsive(More)
We studied the applicability of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with acute stroke and compared the results with the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). We also conducted a(More)
The introduction of fixed relays is expected to be inevitable as 4G wireless communications coverage is expanded and data processing ratios enhanced, and for reducing costs of base station extension and backhaul communication network holding. Additional interference is an unwanted concomitant of adding many fixed relays to the existing cellular system(More)
A sphenoid mucocele often presents late due to its deep seated anatomical site. And it has varied presentation due to its loose relationship to the cavernous sinus and the base of the skull. We describe a case of large sphenoid sinus mucocele. A middle aged old man suddenly developed third cranial nerve palsy. Brain imaging study revealed an isolated(More)
A Gram-positive, cream-coloured, non-motile, rod-shaped actinomycete, designated DLS-10T, was isolated from a rock collected on the peak of Darangshi Oreum (a small mountain 300 m above sea level) in Jeju, Republic of Korea. The temperature and pH ranges for growth were 4-37 degrees C and pH 5.1-9.1. The organism grew at NaCl concentrations up to 3 % and(More)
Brain Respiration (BR)-training is a unique form of breathing exercise that develops potential ability by facilitating brain function. It is recognized as an effective method of improving the scholastic aptitude and emotional stability of children. The present study was designed to investigate the characteristics of the EEG during this training. Spectral(More)
In the brain, aquaporin-1 (AQP-1), a water channel for high osmotic water permeability, is mainly expressed in the apical membrane of the ventricular choroid plexus and regulates formation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Although the physiology of AQP-1 has been the subject of several publications, much less is known about the trans-acting factors involved in(More)
OBJECTIVE Conventional pterional approach is a commonly used neurosurgical technique for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. However, this technique requires more extensive brain exposure than other key hole approaches and is sometimes associated with surgical traumatization or cosmetic problems. The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative(More)
In this study, the changes in sludge reduction, methane production and microbial community structures in a process involving two-stage thermophilic aerobic digestion (TAD) and mesophilic anaerobic digestion (MAD) under different solid retention times (SRTs) between 10 and 40 days were investigated. The TAD reactor (RTAD) was operated with a 1-day SRT and(More)
Ethanol has been known to suppress reproductive activity in laboratory animals and humans through the inhibition of luteinizing hormone (LH) release by reduction of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus. There are, however, little data is available regarding the effect of ethanol on GnRH gene expression. Thus, the present(More)