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The introduction of fixed relays is expected to be inevitable as 4G wireless communications coverage is expanded and data processing ratios enhanced, and for reducing costs of base station extension and backhaul communication network holding. Additional interference is an unwanted concomitant of adding many fixed relays to the existing cellular system(More)
We studied the applicability of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with acute stroke and compared the results with the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). We also conducted a(More)
In the brain, aquaporin-1 (AQP-1), a water channel for high osmotic water permeability, is mainly expressed in the apical membrane of the ventricular choroid plexus and regulates formation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Although the physiology of AQP-1 has been the subject of several publications, much less is known about the trans-acting factors involved in(More)
Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) has been used in severe aplastic anemia (SAA) as part of the conditioning regimen. Among the many kinds of ATG preparations, thymoglobulin had been found to be more effective for preventing graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and the rejection of organ transplants. After the promising results of our preliminary study, we conducted(More)
In this study, the changes in sludge reduction, methane production and microbial community structures in a process involving two-stage thermophilic aerobic digestion (TAD) and mesophilic anaerobic digestion (MAD) under different solid retention times (SRTs) between 10 and 40 days were investigated. The TAD reactor (RTAD) was operated with a 1-day SRT and(More)
Ethanol has been known to suppress reproductive activity in laboratory animals and humans through the inhibition of luteinizing hormone (LH) release by reduction of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus. There are, however, little data is available regarding the effect of ethanol on GnRH gene expression. Thus, the present(More)
The quantitative exposure to vibration for shipyard workers who have used several kinds of vibratory tools was studied. The dose-response relationship between lifetime exposure dose and hand-arm vibration syndrome also was studied. The study included 344 workers who were exposed to vibration in one shipyard and 53 unexposed workers in the same company.(More)
Although many head and neck surgeons agree that complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice for lymphatic malformation, the infiltrating nature of microcystic lymphatic malformations and the involvement of vital structures of the head and neck make total removal nearly impossible in most cases. Recently radiofrequency ablation was introduced for(More)
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is uncommon in young adults. The aim of this study was to compare clinical characteristics of ruptured aneurysms between males and females in the third or fourth decade of life. We retrospectively investigated 301 patients who underwent surgery for ruptured cerebral aneurysms over 6 years. Among them, 53 patients were aged(More)
OBJECTIVE Conventional pterional approach is a commonly used neurosurgical technique for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. However, this technique requires more extensive brain exposure than other key hole approaches and is sometimes associated with surgical traumatization or cosmetic problems. The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative(More)