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The introduction of fixed relays is expected to be inevitable as 4G wireless communications coverage is expanded and data processing ratios enhanced, and for reducing costs of base station extension and backhaul communication network holding. Additional interference is an unwanted concomitant of adding many fixed relays to the existing cellular system(More)
We studied the applicability of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with acute stroke and compared the results with the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). We also conducted a(More)
Ethanol has been known to suppress reproductive activity in laboratory animals and humans through the inhibition of luteinizing hormone (LH) release by reduction of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus. There are, however, little data is available regarding the effect of ethanol on GnRH gene expression. Thus, the present(More)
BACKGROUND The changes in the functional magnetic resonance imaging signal during anticipation, pain stimulation, and the poststimulation periods were investigated to determine whether changes in sex hormones affect brain activity. METHODS Eighteen participants were examined twice, once in the follicular phase and once in the luteal phase. Half the(More)
In this study we investigated the mRNA expression of NELL2, a neural tissue-specific epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeat domain-containing protein, in the developing and adult rat CNS using in situ hybridization histochemistry and northern blot analysis. The possible candidates that interact with or be regulated by NELL2 were screened with a cDNA(More)
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is uncommon in young adults. The aim of this study was to compare clinical characteristics of ruptured aneurysms between males and females in the third or fourth decade of life. We retrospectively investigated 301 patients who underwent surgery for ruptured cerebral aneurysms over 6 years. Among them, 53 patients were aged(More)
OBJECTIVE Conventional pterional approach is a commonly used neurosurgical technique for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. However, this technique requires more extensive brain exposure than other key hole approaches and is sometimes associated with surgical traumatization or cosmetic problems. The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative(More)