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Since the prevalence of bovine norovirus (BNoV) and their genetic diversity have only been reported in the USA, England, Germany and The Netherlands, this study examined the prevalence and genetic diversity of BNoVs in diarrheic calves in South Korea using 645 diarrheic fecal specimens from calves by RT-PCR and nested PCR assays. Overall, 9.3% of the(More)
Canine NK cells still are not well-characterized due to the lack of information concerning specific NK cell markers and the fact that NK cells are not an abundant cell population. In this study, we selectively expanded the canine cytotoxic large granular lymphocytes (CLGLs) that exhibit morphologic, genetic, and functional characteristics of NK cells from(More)
Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is an etiological agent associated with winter dysentery (WD), prevalent in adult cattle during the winter. Although we previously detected, isolated, and characterized BCoV strains from adult cattle with WD (WD-BCoV strains) during the winter in South Korea, the precise epidemiology, as well as the causative agent of diarrhea in(More)
The different bovine coronavirus (BCoV) strains or isolates exhibited various degrees of substitutions, resulting in altered antigenicity and pathogenicity of the virus. In the previous our study, we demonstrated that the spike glycoprotein gene of Korean winter dysentery (WD) BCoV had a genetic property of both enteric (EBCV) and respiratory BCoV (RBCV)(More)
We propose an extension of nonnegative matrix factoriza-tion (NMF) to multilayer network model for dynamic my-ocardial PET image analysis. NMF has been previously applied to the analysis and shown to successfully extract three cardiac components and time-activity curve from the image sequences. Here we apply triple nonnegative-matrix factorization to the(More)
Mirodenafil (SK3530) is a new potent and selective inhibitor of cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5). Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that mirodenafil is an effective treatment for erectile dysfunction. Its mechanism of action is enhancement of nitric oxide (NO) induced cGMP formation resulting in significant relaxation of the corpus(More)
This paper proposes a robust face recognition method by fusing images acquired from visual and infrared (IR) sensors. Although current 2D image face recognition systems have reached a certain level of maturity, the performance of these systems has been limited by external conditions such as pose, expression and illumination. To alleviate some of these(More)
Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a physiological cellular energy sensor, strongly suppresses cell proliferation in both nonmalignant and tumor cells. This study demonstrates the mechanism of quercetin-induced apoptosis in HT-29 colon cancer cells. Treatment of cells with quercetin significantly decreased cell viability in a dose-dependent(More)
Currently, feeder cells are γ-irradiated immediately before use for the ex vivo expansion of natural killer (NK) cells from human peripheral blood. Storing irradiated feeder cells by cryopreserving them in multiple vials would be more convenient than irradiating cells each time they are needed. We compared NK cell expansion using cryopreserved-irradiated(More)
We investigated the usefulness of allogeneic monocyte-derived dendritic cells (allogeneic mDCs) pulsed with leukemic lysates in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Allogeneic mDCs showed higher expressions of several molecules (HLA-DR, CD80, CD83 or CD86), higher production of IL-12 and higher capacity to stimulate allogeneic T cells compared to both leukemic DCs(More)