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Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) functions as a key neuroendocrine regulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. In addition to the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, GnRH and its receptor have been detected in other reproductive tissues including the gonads, placenta and tumours arising from these tissues. Recently, a second form of GnRH(More)
Most epithelial ovarian tumors appear to arise from the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE). Even though it has been suggested that estrogen may be associated with ovarian tumorigenesis, the exact role of estrogen in the regulation of apoptosis in neoplastic OSE cells remains uncertain. Immortalized OSE (IOSE) cell lines were generated from human normal OSE.(More)
Considering that the action of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) may be mediated via different signaling pathways in extrapituitary tissues, in the present study we investigated the role of the human GnRH receptor (GnRHR) in activating mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), which regulate cell growth, division, and differentiation. The(More)
Most ovarian neoplasms arise from the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE), and multiple growth factors have been implicated to influence the transformation from OSE. The present study was performed to investigate the role of activin and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) in normal and neoplastic OSE cells. An immortalized OSE cell line (IOSE-29) was(More)
Ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) is the tissue of origin for the majority of ovarian cancers. The mechanism underlying the neoplastic transformation of OSE to ovarian cancer is poorly understood. Activin, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, has been shown to increase cell proliferation in ovarian cancer cells. The present study was(More)
ATP has been shown to activate the phospholipase C/diacylglycerol/protein kinase C (PKC) pathway. However, little is known about the downstream signaling events. The present study was designed to examine the effect of ATP on activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway and its physiological role in human granulosa-luteal(More)
The P2U purinoceptor (P2UR) has been identified pharmacologically in the ovary. However, the expression and regulation of the P2UR messenger RNA (mRNA) in human ovarian cells are still poorly characterized. The present study was designed to examine the expression and regulation of the P2UR in human granulosa-luteal cells (hGLCs) by RT-PCR and Northern blot(More)
In the ovary it has been demonstrated that PGF(2alpha) activates the phospholipase C (PLC)/diacylglycerol/protein kinase C pathway. However, little is known about the downstream signaling events that mediate subsequent cellular responses such as steroidogenesis. The present study was designed to examine the effect of PGF(2alpha) on activation of the(More)
The presence of P2U purinoceptor in human granulosa-luteal cells (hGLCs) indicates a potential role of ATP in regulating ovarian function. In this study an inhibitory effect of ATP on hCG-induced cAMP production was observed. Extracellular ATP has been shown to activate protein kinase C (PKC) after binding to a purinoceptor. To understand the role of PKC in(More)
ATP has been shown to modulate progesterone production in human granulosa-luteal cells (hGLCs) in vitro. After binding to a G protein-coupled P2 purinergic receptor, ATP stimulates phospholipase C. The resultant production of diacylglycerol and inositol triphosphate activates protein kinase C (PKC) and intracellular calcium [Ca(2+)](i) mobilization,(More)