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Stress affects the pathophysiology of cutaneous immune reactions, including contact hypersensitivity (CH) in individuals sensitized with sensitizing hapten, where local endothelial cell activation plays a critical role. To clarify the effects of stress in cutaneous immune reactions, we selected a CH model using annoying sound as a stress. Furthermore, we(More)
Vitiligo vulgaris is a common skin disease, however some cases show poor clinical responses to topical steroid ointment or PUVA therapy. Such regimens are generally avoided in the treatment of facial lesions or in pediatric cases because of the undesirable side effects. To confirm the excellent response to combination therapy with topical vitamin D3(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant melanoma is often accompanied by a host response of inflammatory cell infiltration that is highly regulated by multiple adhesion molecules. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of adhesion molecules, including P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), P-selectin, and E-selectin. METHODS Subcutaneous primary growth and metastasis to the(More)
Gaseous carbon monoxide (CO) has received attention as a neurotransmitter and as a material involved in persistent dilatation of vessels. CO is released by heme oxygenase (HO) during the process from heme to bilirubin or biliverdin. Many reports have revealed that exogenous nitric oxide (NO) can induce HO-1 in vitro, which is the induced isoform of HO. In(More)
Eotaxin plays a central role in the development of allergic disease, including atopic dermatitis, asthma, and nasal allergy. Interleukin (IL)-4 induces eotaxin production in normal human dermal fibroblasts. On the other hands, Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), a multifunctional regulatory cytokine, affects many biological functions, including(More)
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