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The authors determined the postural muscle response to support surface perturbations, in relation to aging and level of stability of 16 young adults and 32 older adults who were classified into stable (SOA) and unstable (UOA) groups on the basis of their functional balance abilities. Forward and backward support surface translations of various amplitudes(More)
Plantar cutaneous afferent provides information about the contact between the body and the support surface and could affect the anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). This study investigated the effect of plantar desensitization on the APAs for step initiation. Twenty-five healthy young adults participated in this study and were instructed to begin(More)
  • Sang-I Lin
  • Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
  • 2005
OBJECTIVES To determine the association between joint position sense (JPS) and motor function of the lower extremity and gait performance of patients with chronic stroke. DESIGN Single-group cross-sectional design. SETTING University gait laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-one patients with stroke onset of more than 6 months. INTERVENTIONS Not(More)
BACKGROUND Chinese older people have approximately half the risk of falling as their white counterparts, but no studies to date have explained why such a disparity exists. METHODS A total of 692 Chinese and 764 white community-dwelling older people participated in a multicohort study conducted in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Australia. Baseline measurements(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The Timed up and Go Test (TUG) is recommended as a screening tool for fall risk in older people. It is assumed that this general mobility test is underpinned by physiological factors such as strength, coordination and balance. However, no studies have examined the range of physiological and psychological factors which influence(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate effects of a multifactorial fall prevention program on fall incidence and physical function in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN Multicenter randomized controlled trial. SETTING Three medical centers and adjacent community health centers. PARTICIPANTS Community-dwelling older adults (N=616) who have fallen in the previous(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Aging is frequently accompanied by a deterioration in postural control, but it is not clear whether the primary contributor is increasing age or a progressive loss of functional balance capacity. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that functional balance capacity contributes more than age to changes in postural response(More)
Stroke survivors suffering from deficits in motor control typically have limited functional abilities, which could result in poor quality of life. Cycling exercise is a common training paradigm for restoring locomotion rhythm in patients. The provision of speed feedback has been used to facilitate the learning of controlled cycling performance and the(More)
Deterioration in the function of the sensorimotor system is often seen in patients with diabetes and could be related to balance impairments. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between sensorimotor function and forward reach ability in patients with diabetes. Thirty-one patients with Type 2 diabetes went through a monofilament test(More)