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Butanol is an important industrial solvent and advanced biofuel that can be produced by biphasic fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum. It has been known that acetate and butyrate first formed during the acidogenic phase are reassimilated to form acetone-butanol-ethanol (cold channel). Butanol can also be formed directly from acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA)(More)
Mosquito larvicidal activity of Piper longum fruit-derived materials against the fourth-instar larvae of Aedes aegypti was examined. A crude methanol extract of P. longum fruits was found to be active against the larvae, and the hexane fraction of the methanol extract showed a strong larvicidal activity of 100% mortality. The biologically active component(More)
For the synthesis of polylactic acid (PLA) and its copolymers by one-step fermentation process, heterologous pathways involving Clostridium propionicum propionate CoA transferase (Pct(Cp)) and Pseudomonas sp. MBEL 6-19 polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase 1 (PhaC1(Ps6-19)) were introduced into Escherichia coli for the generation of lactyl-CoA endogenously(More)
A biosynthetic pathway for the production of (S)-3-hydroxybutyric acid (S3HB) from glucose was established in recombinant Escherichia coli by introducing the beta-ketothiolase gene from Ralstonia eutropha H16, the (S)-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase gene from R. eutropha H16, or Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC824, and the 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine the influence of apolipoprotein A5 gene (APOA5)-1131T>C single nucleotide polymorphism on the effects of dietary intervention and regular exercise (DIRE) targeting ApoA5 and triglyceride (TG) concentrations. METHODS Hypertriglyceridemia patients (TG, 150-500mg/dL, n=283) undertook a 12-week DIRE (replacing 1/3 of refined(More)
The present study investigated the antioxidant and anti-osteoporosis activities of phytochemicals in the fruits of Prunus mume. From the methanol extract, three new acylated sucroses, mumeoses P-R (1-3), were isolated together with 20 known compounds (4-23). Compounds 1-3 showed potent peroxyl radical-scavenging activities and 12-19 showed both potent(More)
Microglia play crucial roles in increased inflammation in the central nervous system upon brain injuries and diseases. Extracellular ADP has been reported to induce microglia chemotaxis and membrane ruffle formation through P2Y(12) receptor. In this study, we examined the role of ERK1/2 activation in ADP-induced microglia chemotaxis. ADP stimulation(More)
Artemisia iwayomogi has been used as a folk medicine for treating various diseases including inflammatory and immune-related diseases. Scopoletin (1) and scopolin (2) were isolated from this species. Scopoletin (1) showed more potent peroxyl radical-scavenging capacity, reducing capacity, and cellular antioxidant capacity compared to scopolin (2). The(More)
This paper analyzed outcomes of the osteosynthesis with a locking plate system for the fractures of the humerus in throwers using the anterior humeral approach. Retrospective case series including 31 patients. Bone union was assessed through follow-up radiographs. Results of visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, range of motion in the elbow joint, time of(More)
Expression of mutationally activated RAS is a feature common to the vast majority of human pancreatic adenocarcinomas. RAS elicits its effects through numerous signaling pathways including the RAF-->mitogen-activated protein (MAP)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase [MEK]-->ERK MAP kinase pathway. To assess the role of this pathway in(More)