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On activation by receptors, the ubiquitously expressed class IA isoforms (p110alpha and p110beta) of phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI(3)K) generate lipid second messengers, which initiate multiple signal transduction cascades. Recent studies have demonstrated specific functions for p110alpha in growth factor and insulin signalling. To probe for distinct(More)
The mitotic arrest-deficient protein Mad1 forms a complex with Mad2, which is required for imposing mitotic arrest on cells in which the spindle assembly is perturbed. By mass spectrometry of affinity-purified Mad2-associated factors, we identified the translocated promoter region (Tpr), a component of the nuclear pore complex (NPC), as a novel(More)
The F box protein Skp2 is oncogenic, and its frequent amplification and overexpression correlate with the grade of malignancy of certain tumors. Conversely, depletion of Skp2 decreases cell growth and increases apoptosis. Here, we show that Skp2 counteracts the transactivation function of p53 and suppresses apoptosis mediated by DNA damage or p53(More)
Lignocellulose represents a key sustainable source of biomass for transformation into biofuels and bio-based products. Unfortunately, lignocellulosic biomass is highly recalcitrant to biotransformation, both microbial and enzymatic, which limits its use and prevents economically viable conversion into value-added products. As a result, effective(More)
We prospectively followed 202 patients with ischemic heart failure who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (left ventricular [LV] ejection fraction <40%). Patients were divided into 2 groups: groups I (simvastatin group, n = 106, aged 60.8 +/- 10.3 years, men 71.7%) and II (non-simvastatin group, n = 96, aged(More)
BUBR1 is a mitotic phosphoprotein essential for the maintenance of chromosome stability by promoting chromosome congression and proper kinetochore-microtubule (K-fiber) attachment, but the underlying mechanism(s) has remained elusive. Here we identify BUBR1 as a binding partner of the B56 family of Protein Phosphatase 2A regulatory subunits. The interaction(More)
BACKGROUND Between 10 and 30% of the fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs) of thyroid nodules are diagnosed as 'indeterminate'. A molecular diagnostic method is needed to reduce unnecessary surgery in this group. In Korea, most thyroid cancer is the classic papillary type and the BRAF(V600E) mutation is highly prevalent. AIM To evaluate the role of(More)
PURPOSE To assess retrospectively the therapeutic results, complications, and therapeutic approach to ethanol embolotherapy of extremity arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) involving the bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS From December 1996 to May 2009, 22 patients (12 male, 10 female; eight children, 14 adults; age range, 1-64 years) with extremity AVMs(More)
Class Ia phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) is required for oncogenic receptor-mediated transformation; however, the individual roles of the two commonly expressed class Ia PI3K isoforms in oncogenic receptor signaling have not been elucidated in vivo. Here, we show that genetic ablation of p110α blocks tumor formation in both polyoma middle T antigen(More)
We identified the mitotic kinesin-like protein 2 (MKlp2), a kinesin required for chromosome passenger complex (CPC)-mediated cytokinesis, as a target of the mitotic checkpoint protein Mad2. MKlp2 possesses a consensus Mad2-binding motif required for Mad2 binding. Mad2 prevents MKlp2 from loading onto the mitotic spindle, a prerequisite step for its function(More)