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BACKGROUND Previous voxelwise Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) investigations of white matter in first-episode schizophrenia (FESZ) have been limited to the analysis of Fractional Anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD), with their findings inconsistent in terms of the anatomical locations and extent of abnormalities. This study examines white matter(More)
This preliminary study aimed to determine if adding mirtazapine to risperidone might improve negative and cognitive symptoms in schizophrenia. In an 8-week, double-blind clinical trial, we randomly assigned 21 stabilized outpatients with schizophrenia undergoing risperidone treatment to adjunctive treatment with either mirtazapine or a placebo. The(More)
Patients with first-episode schizophrenia frequently relapse during the first years of the illness. This may be associated with clinical deterioration. It is important to prevent relapses in first-episode schizophrenia. We examine whether risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI) could effectively act to prevent relapse in first-episode schizophrenia. We(More)
Clinical and psychosocial deterioration associated with schizophrenia occurs within the first few years following the onset of the illness. Therefore, to improve the long-term prognosis, it is important to provide schizophrenia patients with intensive treatment following their first episode. Relapse is highly associated with partial medication adherence or(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the usefulness of a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for treating insomnia symptoms in patients with anxiety disorder. Nineteen patients with anxiety disorder were assigned to an 8-week MBCT clinical trial. Participants showed significant improvement in Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (Z = -3.46, p =(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that frontostriatal networks, especially those involving dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC) mediate cognitive functions some of which are abnormal in schizophrenia. This study examines white matter integrity of the tracts connecting DLPFC/VLPFC and striatum in patients(More)
Cortico-limbic network dysfunction and genetic polymorphism are considered to be associated with major depressive disorder (MDD). Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), we investigated the relationship between catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene polymorphisms and white matter tract integrity in patients with MDD. Eighty-six patients with MDD and 62(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relationships between lymph node metastasis (LNM) and expression of CD31, D2-40 and vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF)-A and -C in patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). METHODS Paraffin-embedded thyroid tissues of 72 patients were evaluated, which included 25 patients with thyroid nodular hyperplasia (TNH), 24(More)
BACKGROUND The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene val158met polymorphism (rs4680) has been found to be associated with various psychiatric phenotypes including panic disorder. Considering the probable genetic influence of COMT on the pathogenesis of panic disorder and white matter connectivity, the present study investigated white matter connectivity(More)
BACKGROUND Strong lifetime and current comorbidity occur between panic disorder and depression. However, no study has examined the influence of comorbid depression on brain structural characteristics in panic disorder patients. We aimed to compare gray matter (GM) volume and white matter (WM) connectivity in panic disorder patients with and without(More)