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BACKGROUND Recently, osteocalcin was found to regulate blood glucose, insulin secretion, and fat deposition in mice. However, the relationship between osteocalcin levels and factors related to glucose metabolism in humans has not yet been investigated. We investigated the relationship between osteocalcin and glucose metabolism in postmenopausal women. (More)
Adiponectin levels are significantly lower in obese adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, essential hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular disease. However, the role of hypoadiponectinemia in nonobese healthy adults has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we examined the association between hypoadiponectinemia and cardiovascular risk(More)
BACKGROUND Nursing home-acquired pneumonia (NHAP) is the leading cause of death among long-term care residents. AIMS To compare current scoring indices (NHAP model score, Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI), CURB-65 (confusion, urea nitrogen, respiratory rate, blood pressure, age >65 years) and SOAR (systolic blood pressure, oxygenation, age, respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), a serological marker of malignant tumors, demonstrates a modest increase under nonmalignant conditions and the pro-inflammatory features of CEA suggest that CEA may be related to insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. METHODS A total of 7075 female Korean non-smokers who underwent health check-ups were(More)
The enzyme 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) catalyzes the conversion of progesterone to its inactive form, 20α-hydroxyprogesterone. This enzyme plays a critical role in the regulation of luteal function in female mammals. In this study, we conducted the characterization and functional analyses of bovine 20α-HSD from placental and ovarian tissues.(More)
UNLABELLED We determined the incidence of femoral neck, intertrochanteric, and subtrochanteric fractures and compared the demographic characteristics of each fracture group in the Korean population. PURPOSE All proximal femur fractures (femoral neck, intertrochanteric, and subtrochanteric fracture) have been considered to have similar demographics and to(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have shown that serum total bilirubin is inversely related to an increased risk of coronary artery disease. However, the number of studies which have focused on the relationship between bilirubin and C-reactive protein (CRP), which is a marker reflecting chronic vascular inflammation, are limited. METHOD This(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association of obesity level, physical fitness level, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level and metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors among Korean adults. METHODS A total of 557 adults (272 males and 285 females) who underwent medical check-up at local hospital were recruited. In addition to(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on the effects of bilirubin on cardiovascular disease have typically focused only on total serum bilirubin composed with direct bilirubin plus indirect bilirubin. In this study, we examined which type of fasting bilirubin is more associated with the metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS Five thousand six hundred and fifty-four individuals(More)
Although a variety of studies have reported the association between age related changes in muscle mass and the functional impairments of the elderly, few have reported on the modifiable lifestyle factors that are related to sarcopenia. Three thousand five hundred ninety-eight men in nationally representative cross-sectional, population-representative(More)