Sang-Hun Kim

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We present a practical and noise-robust speech recognition system which estimates a target-to-interferers power ratio using a zero-crossing-based binaural model and applies the power ratio to a channel attentive missing feature decoder in the cepstral domain. In a natural multisource environment, our binaural model extracts spatial cues at each(More)
We report on a path-independent insertion-loss (PILOSS) 8 × 8 matrix switch based on Si-wire waveguides, which has a record-small footprint of 3.5 × 2.4 mm2. The PILOSS switch consists of 64 thermooptic Mach-Zehnder (MZ) switches and 49 low-crosstalk intersections. Each of the MZ switches and intersections employs directional couplers, which enable the(More)
A TE-TM mode converter is proposed in a single trench GaInAsP/InP waveguide, which is fabricated by a single masking and etching process. Use of single-trench structure makes the design and the fabrication much simpler. The design of single-trench mode converter is described together with its fabrication in this article. We investigated the dependence of(More)
A polarization-independent 2 × 2 switch based on silicon-wire waveguides has been realized with a compact size of 600 × 500 μm². Polarization-independent operation was achieved with a polarization-diversity technique which implements polarization splitters, TE-TM intersections, and Mach-Zehnder switches. The extinction ratios of the 2 × 2 switch for TE, TM,(More)
Conserving and enhancing freshwater biodiversity are global issues to ensure ecosystem integrity and sustainability. To meet this, it is critical to understand how the biological assemblages are determined by environmental gradients in different spatial scales. Nevertheless, information on their large-scale environmental relationships remains scarce in(More)
We demonstrate that record-high extinction-ratio of 50 dB is achievable in a 2×2 Si optical switch by making use of a variable splitter. The proposed switch will enable such high extinction-ratio even in volume production using standard CMOS fabrication facilities.
Waveguide crossings employing tilted MMI structures on silicon wire waveguide are proposed and demonstrated. Intersecting angle of the two MMI waveguides is optimized for low crosstalk. The optimization is carried out with input polarizations specified. On the fabricated MMI crossings, crosstalk lower than -38 dB in the C-band was experimentally confirmed.(More)