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  • W Zhou, S H Ye
  • 1997
By using the in vitro Ames Salmonella/microsomal assay and the in vivo mouse micronucleus assay, studies were performed to evaluate the genotoxicity of gasoline exhaust particulate matter generated from five different domestic and imported scooters. In the Ames assay, treatment of test strains TA98 and TA100 with solvent extracts of particulate matter from(More)
Commercially available hollow fiber membranes (HFMs) made from synthetic polymers, including cellulose acetate (CA) HFMs, used as hemopurification membranes, need to improve in hemocompatibility, by suppressing protein adsorption and clot formation. In this study, CA HFMs blended with 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) copolymer (PMB30 composed(More)
The ideal surface of an artificial blood purification membrane needs hemocompatibility and durability of high performance; it should not adsorb any proteins or cells but should still have high permeability in the desired range of solute size. To improve the anti-fouling property of cellulose acetate (CA) membranes, a CA membrane blended with(More)
  • J Song, S H Ye
  • 1995
The mutagenicity of diesel exhaust particles (DEP) was studied by using Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 in vitro and mice micronucleus in vivo test. DEP from six kinds of medium and heavy-duty diesel vehicles, which were made in China and imported, were tested. The vehicles were operated under free accelerating condition. The results showed(More)
In this study, we prepared cellulose acetate (CA) hollow fiber membranes (HFMs) modified with poly (2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC)-co-n-butyl methacrylate)(PMB30 and PMB80) by the dry-jet wet spinning process. The physical and chemical structures of the HFMs were controlled in order to design highly functional HFMs that had suitable(More)
The effect of various fractions of diesel exhausted particles on the expression of mutant p53 antigen product and ras oncogene p21 product was examined by immunohistochemical method in malignant transformed V79 cell. The result showed that all fractions of diesel exhausted particles (DEPs) could significantly increase the expression of p53 products (P <(More)
While unleaded gasoline has the advantage of eliminating lead from automobile exhaust, its potential to reduce the exhaust gas and particles, merits further examination. In the present studies, the concentrations of hydrocarbons (HC) and carbon mono-oxides (CO) in emissions were analyzed on Santana engine Dynamometer under a standard test cycle, and total(More)
To improve the thromboresistance of a titanium alloy (TiAl(6)V(4)) surface which is currently utilized in several ventricular assist devices (VADs), a plasma-induced graft polymerization of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) was carried out and poly(MPC) (PMPC) chains were covalently attached onto a TiAl(6)V(4) surface by a plasma induced(More)
  • W Zhou, S H Ye
  • 1998
Scooter exhaust particulate matter emissions were found to be mutagenic and to induce potential carcinogenicity. To further explore the mechanisms of mutagenicity and potential carcinogenicity of scooter exhaust particulate matter emissions, immunohistochemistry assays were carried out to detect the expression of some oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in(More)
Treated with various organic fractions of Diesel Exhaust Particles (DEP), the Ames test withSalmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100, and the mice micronucleus test were employed to study the mutagenic activity in the bacterial reverse mutation system, with and without a mammalian S(9) activation component, and the clastogenic activity in mice(More)