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for helpful comments. The authors also thank the associate editor, and two referees for their constructive suggestions that led to significant improvements in the presentation of the article. ABSTRACT In many problems in geostatistics we find that the response variable of interest is strongly related to the underlying geology of the spatial location. In(More)
NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others(More)
To date, no direct measurements of primary production were taken in the Amundsen Sea, which is one of the highest primary productivity regions in the Antarctic. Phytoplankton carbon and nitrogen uptake experiments were conducted at 16 selected stations using a 13C–15N dual isotope tracer technique. We found no statistically significant depletions of major(More)
Ba sed on biophysical ice-core data collected in the landfast ice off Barrow, Alaska, USA, in 2002 and 2003, a one-dimensional ice–ocean ecosystem model was developed to determine the factors controlling the bottom-ice algal community. The data and model results revealed a three-stage ice-algal bloom: (1) onset and early slow growth stage before mid-March,(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary aim of this study was to investigate the acute impact of methylphenidate (MPH) on sleep parameters in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) children. The second aim was to investigate the different effects of intermediate- and longacting MPH on sleep parameters. The third aim was to test the different effects of dose and age(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The reappearance rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA after a sustained virological response (SVR) have been reported to be 1-2%. We investigated the reappearance rate of HCV RNA after SVR in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients treated with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin. METHODS In total, 292 CHC patients who achieved an SVR(More)
When a robot system collides with its environment, unexpected position errors occur due to the effect of impact. Large actuation effort may grow up to compensate for these errors. The sudden increases of actuator torque may violate the torque limit. In this paper, we propose to employ redundant actuation mode to facilitate disturbance rejection. An optimal(More)